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Recommended Cleaning and Disinfection Procedures for Foot Spa Basins in Salons

This page provides information for salon owners, operators, and workers about disinfecting pedicure foot spa equipment. Information for salon foot spa customers.

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Customer precautions - protecting the client

  1. Check the condition of the client's feet and legs: If open sores or skin wounds are present (including insect bites, scratches, scabbed-over wounds, or any condition that weakens the skin barrier), explain to the client why they should not use the foot bath.
  2. Complete pedicure or wax after the foot bath soak: Any procedure that risks damage to a client's skin should not be done before soaking feet in the foot spa basin.

Step by step instructions for disinfecting pedicure foot spa equipment

After Each Client: (this can take place any time after the client's feet are out of the footbath, while feet are massaged, toes are painted, or other opportunities)

  1. Drain the water from the foot spa basin or bowl and remove any visible debris.
  2. Clean the surfaces of the foot spa with soap or detergent, rinse with clean water, and drain.
  3. After cleaning, disinfect* the surfaces with an EPA-registered hospital disinfectant (for description) according to the manufacturer's directions on the label. Surfaces must remain wet with the disinfectant for 10 minutes or the time stated on the label, which may be shorter.
    * For whirlpool foot spas, air-jet basins, "pipe-less" foot spas, and other circulating spas: It is best to disinfect by filling the basin with clean water, adding the appropriate amount of liquid disinfectant, and turning the unit on to circulate the disinfectant for the entire contact time.
  4. After disinfection, drain and rinse with clean water.


Pedicure foot spa chair basin showing the filter screen, inlet jets, and other removable parts that require special attention during the disinfecting process.

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Label information on disinfectant products

sample pesticide instruction label

The label should clearly state that the product is a hospital or medical disinfectant. It may also list the following organisms:
    Staphylococcus aureus
    Salmonella enterica (formerly S. choleraesuis)
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa

The product label should clearly identify an EPA Registration Number.

The label will also specify use sites that are health care related.

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You will need Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more.

Important additional measures

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Related information

General information related to foot spa health concerns, regulations, usage, and maintenance from private organizations, state, and federal agencies.

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