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Minor Uses and Grower Resources

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Current as of April 2013

This web page provides growers, registrants and other interested parties with information on the programs EPA is implementing to ensure safe pesticide tools are available, particularly for those involved in the minor uses of pesticides. A major part of this effort involves the partnerships with other organizations and stakeholders.

On this page:

Minor Use Crops and Pesticides

Minor use crops have fewer than 300,000 acres in production in the United States.  The small acreage may provide insufficient economic incentive for pesticide companies (i.e., registrants) to keep their products registered for use on these crops, or to register new minor use pesticides.  Many fruits and vegetables qualify as minor crops.  Minor uses also include pesticides applied for control of disease vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, cockroaches, rodents. Disease-causing organisms can be considered minor uses as well.

Codex MRL Nominations

The Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) is responsible for establishing maximum residue limits (MRLs) for pesticide residues in specific food items or in groups of food for Codex.

NAFTA

Activities regarding NAFTA and regional cooperation include:

MRL Database

The USDA MRL Database is a tool for growers who want to export a commodity to determine if there is a foreign market MRL when an EPA tolerance is in place for the same commodity.

Crop Group Revisions

Crop groups are an important tool for growers and especially for growers that need pesticide options for minor crops. The EPA is involved in two efforts related to the revisions of the current crop grouping regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations 40 § 180.41. More about Crop Grouping.

Exclusive Use Periods

FIFRA exclusive use provisions for minor use registrations provide incentives to pesticide companies to register minor uses of pesticides.  Registrants submit studies to EPA when registering a pesticide.  FIFRA authorizes a period of time for “exclusive use” of the studies by the company after they register a new pesticide or add a new use to an existing pesticide.  In the exclusive use period, only the registrant who developed the data may use it to support additional registrations. This is similar to a patent, allowing exclusive use of the supporting data for a specific period of time. In some circumstances, registration of a minor use may either extend the exclusive use period or establish a new exclusive use period.

Definition of a Minor Use

Extending the Exclusive Use Period for an Active Ingredient - FIFRA § 3(c)(1)(F)(ii)

FIFRA § 3(c)(1)(F)(ii) provides the criteria to be met for extending the exclusive use period, for 1 additional year for each 3 minor uses registered after the date of enactment, up to 3 additional years, based on information provided by an applicant for registration or a registrant.

Establishing a New Exclusive Use Period for a Specific Commodity- FIFRA § 3(c)(1)(F)(vi)

FIFRA § 3(c)(1)(F)(vi) provides the criteria to be met in order to establish a new exclusive use period for data submitted to add a minor use to an existing registration after the period of exclusive use protected data has expired. A registrant must request this new exclusive use period at the time of application, unlike the extension request described above.


((extended language: “FIFRA, § 3(c)(1)(F)(ii) provides the criteria to be met for extending the exclusive use period, including that the new minor use must be registered within the first 7 years from the commencement of the exclusive use period.

This law allows for the extension of the period of exclusive data use for 1 additional year for each 3 minor uses registered after the date of enactment, up to 3 additional years, based on information provided by an applicant for registration or a registrant, the pesticide and/or use meet certain criteria as outlined in FIFRA, § 3(c)(1)(F)(ii).”))

Related Information

  • Minor Use Report (PDF) (30 pp, 131k, PDF)
  • Pesticide Data Program (PDP)
  • National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
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