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2000-2001 Pesticide Market Estimates: Usage (Page 4)

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Sections: 3.1-3.3 | 3.4-3.6 | 3.7-3.8 | 3.9-3.10

3.9  Pesticide Amount Used in the U.S.: Other

The total amount of other pesticides used in the U.S. was more than 300 million pounds in 2000 and 2001 (see Tables 3.11). The pesticides in this group include sulfur and petroleum oil and other chemicals used as pesticides, such as sulfuric acid, insect repellants (e.g., DEET), moth control products (e.g., paradichlorobenzene), and others.1 Nearly all of the sulfur and oil used (85%) is in the agricultural sector, while the use of the other pesticides in this group is mainly in the agricultural and home and garden sectors (93%). The increase in the amount used in 2001 resulted mainly from an increase in the use of sulfur and petroleum oil in the agricultural sector. The amount of sulfur and petroleum oil and of the other pesticides used in this group in the non-agricultural sectors did not change substantially between 2000 and 2001. Nearly three-fourths of the total amount of sulfur, oil, and other pesticides used was in the agricultural sector. The estimated use levels rely on the amount used and changes in the amount used of sulfur, oil, and other pesticides by sector and type derived from public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 3.11
Other Pesticides Used in the U.S.
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2000 and 2001 Estimates

Sulfur & Oil
Other (1)
Total
Mil lbs
of a.i.
% Mil lbs
of a.i.
% Mil lbs
of a.i.
%
2000
166 85% 60 53% 226 73%
14 7% 8 7% 22 7%
15 8% 45 40% 60 19%
195 100% 113 100% 308 100%
2001
172   86%   60   53%   232   74%
14 7% 8 7% 22 7%
15 7% 46 40%   61 19%
201 100% 114 100% 315 100%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table estimates do not include industrial wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. The abbreviation "a.i." stands for active ingredient.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA/NASS exit EPA disclaimer, and EPA proprietary data.
See Table 5.5 to Table 5.8 for 1982-2001 estimates.
(1) "Other" includes sulfuric acid, insect repellents, zinc sulfate, moth control chemicals (e.g., Paradichlorobenzene and napthaline), and other miscellaneous chemicals produced largely for non-pesticidal purposes.

3.10  Pesticide Amount Used in the U.S.: Specialty Biocides and Chlorine/Hypochlorites

Table 3.12 and Table 3.13 show the total amount of specialty biocides and chlorine/hypochlorites by end-use market in the U.S. in 2000 and 2001, respectively. Specialty biocides include water treatment chemicals, disinfectants and sanitizers, and products for other uses, such as in adhesives and sealants, leather, etc. More than two-thirds of the total amount of specialty biocides comprised water treatment chemicals. Chlorine/ hypochlorites serve as water disinfectants, with 60% of their amount used in potable and waste water and 40% in recreational water. The estimates of the amount used rely on EPA proprietary databases and industry projections.

Table 3.12
Specialty Biocides Used in the U.S.
By End Use Market, 2000 and 2001 Estimates

Year
Total
End Use
Mil lbs
of a.i.
%    
2000
Recreational and Industrial Water Treatment (1) 237 67%    
Disinfectants and Sanitizers (2) 64 18%    
Other Specialty Biocides (3) 52 15%    
Total 353 100%    
2001
Recreational and Industrial Water Treatment (1) 244 67%    
Disinfectants and Sanitizers (2) 65 18%    
Other Specialty Biocides (3) 54 15%    
Total 363 100%    

Source: EPA estimates based on EPA proprietary data.
1. “Recreational and Industrial Water Treatment” does not include hypochlorite or chlorine consumption, which is reported separately in Table 3.13.
2. “Disinfectants and Sanitizers” includes industrial/institutional applications and household cleaning products. Specialty biocides only. Does not include hypochlorite or chlorine consumption, which is reported separately.
3. “Other Specialty Biocides” includes biocides for adhesives and sealants, leather, synthetic latex polymers, metalworking fluids, paints and coatings, petroleum products, plastics, and mineral slurries.

Table 3.13
Chlorine/Hypochlorites Used in the U.S.
By End Use Market, 2000 and 2001 Estimates

Year
Total
End Use
Mil lbs
of a.i.
%  
2000
Disinfectant of Potable and Waste Water 1,520 60%  
Disinfectant for Recreational Water 1,012 40%  
Total 2,532 100%  
2001
Disinfectant of Potable and Waste Water 1,566 60%  
Disinfectant for Recreational Water 1,043 40%  
Total 2,609 100%  

Note: The estimated amount has not changed from 1998/1999 due to a lack of available data.
Source: EPA estimates based on EPA proprietary data.
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