- U.S. pesticide user purchases account for nearly one-third of
the world market in dollar terms and about one-fifth of the active
ingredient (Table 1).
- Annual U.S. pesticide user expenditures totaled approximately
$11.3 billion in 1995 (Table
2). ($10.6 billion in 1994)
- Agriculture accounts for more than two-thirds of pesticide user
expenditures and three-fourths of the quantity used annually (Table
2 & Table 3).
- Herbicides are the leading type of pesticides, in terms of both
user expenditures and volumes used (Table
2 & Table 3).
- About 1.0 billion pounds of active ingredient of conventional
pesticides are used annually in the U.S. (Table
- Total U.S. pesticide usage in 1995 was about 4.5 billion pounds
of active ingredient. This figure includes conventional pesticides
(1.0 billion lbs.) plus industrial wood preservatives, biocides,
and certain other chemicals used as pesticides (Table
4). This usage involves about 21,000 pesticide products and
875 active ingredients registered under the Federal Pesticide
Law (Table 7).
- Farmers' expenditures on pesticides were equal to 4.6% of total
farm production expenditures in 1995, up from 3.9% in 1993 (Table
- Net usage of conventional pesticides of about 1.0 billion pounds
derives from U.S. production of 1.3 billion, imports of 0.2 billion,
and exports of 0.5 billion (pounds of active ingredient of conventional
pesticides) (Table 6).
- The use of pesticides occurs on about three-fourths of the Nation's
farms (1.4 million out of 1.9 million) and households (70 million
out of 95 million) (Table
- The most widely used pesticide in U.S. agricultural crop production
by volume is the herbicide atrazine (Table
8). The herbicide 2,4-D has the largest volume of usage in
the non-agricultural sectors (Table
- In 1994, conventional pesticide usage in agriculture increased
to 786 million pounds from 706 in 1993, or by about 11 percent,
and declined about 2 percent in 1995 (Table
10). The significant increase in agricultural pesticide usage
in 1994 was due to (1) acreage increases for several pesticide
intensive crops and (2) exceptional pest control problems associated
with major flooding and unseasonable weather in midwest and western
states. For the non-agricultural sectors, conventional pesticide
usage declined in both 1994 and 1995 (Table 10).
- There were 31 new active ingredients registered as pesticides
under FIFRA in 1995 (30 in 1994) (Table
11a). Of these new active ingredients, more than one-half
were "safer" pesticides (biological or other reduced
risk) (Table 11b).
- There are about 1.34 million certified pesticide applicators
in the U.S. (Table
12). Of these, most are for agricultural applications (about
960,000) and the remainder (384,000) are certified commercial