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1998-1999 Pesticide Market Estimates: Sales

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2.1  World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures

World pesticide expenditures totaled more than $33.5 billion in 1998 and 1999 (see Table 2.1). Expenditures on herbicides accounted for the largest proportion of total expenditures (more than 40%), followed by expenditures on insecticides, fungicides, and other pesticides, respectively. Total expenditures were up slightly in 1999 due to increased spending on insecticides, fungicides, and other pesticides.

U.S. pesticide expenditures totaled more than $11 billion in 1998 and 1999, in proportions similar to that for world expenditures, with a relatively larger proportion of total U.S. expenditures on herbicides (see Figure 2.1). U.S. expenditures accounted for approximately 33% of total world expenditures on pesticides, more than 40% of world expenditures on herbicides, 33% of world expenditures on insecticides, and more than 10% and 25% of world expenditures on fungicides and other pesticides, respectively.2 The Agency based its estimates of world and U.S. pesticide expenditures on the estimated pesticide expenditures and estimated changes in pesticide expenditures by type derived from public and proprietary EPA databases. See Section 2.3 for a more detailed look at U.S. expenditures on pesticides in 1998 and 1999.

Table 2.1
World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures
User Level by Pesticide Type, 1998 and 1999 Estimates
Year World Market U.S. Market U.S. Percent of
World Market
Type Mil $ % Mil $ %
1998
Herbicides (1) $15,342 46% $6,853 60%
45%
Insecticides $8,906 27% $2,872 25%
32%
Fungicides $6,433 19% $936 8%
15%
Other (2) $2,822 8% $755 7%
27%
Total $33,503 100% $11,416 100%
34%
1999
Herbicides (1) $14,645 44% $6,368 57%
43%
Insecticides $9,110 27% $3,046 27%
33%
Fungicides $6,682 20% $910 8%
14%
Other (2) $3,156 9% $831 7%
26%
Total $33,593 100% $11,155 100%
33%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table does not cover wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America (formerly the American Crop Protection Association (ACPA)) annual surveys and EPA proprietary data.
(1) "Herbicides" include herbicides and plant growth regulators.
(2) "Other" includes nematicides, fumigants, rodenticides, mulluscicides, aquatic and fish/bird pesticides, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, plus other chemicals used as pesticides, e.g., sulfur and petroleum.

Figure 2.1
World and U.S. Comparison of Pesticide Expenditures
User Level by Pesticide Type, 1999 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Dollars by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 1999 estimates as presented in Table 2.1)

2.2  Value of U.S. Pesticides: Producers

Table 2.2 summarizes the 1998 and 1999 average U.S. value of pesticides at the producer level, including production, import, export, and supply (total and net). Pesticide sales related to U.S. production and consumption of pesticides comprised $9.6 billion of domestic production, $1.0 billion of imports, $1.8 billion of exports, and $8.8 billion of net supply at the producer level.

Table 2.2
Value of U.S. Pesticide Production, Imports,
Exports, and Supply of Pesticides (1)
At Producer Level
Category Sales Value (Billions of Dollars)
Average of 1998 and 1999
Production
9.6
Imports
1.0
Total Supply
10.6
Exports
1.8
Net Supply
8.8

Note: Excludes industrial wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA Foreign Agricultural Trade of the U.S. (FATUS) databases (http://www.ers.usda.gov/db/fatus/ exit EPA disclaimer), and EPA proprietary sources.
(1) Includes conventional and other chemicals used as pesticides, e.g. sulfur and petroleum.

2.3  U.S. Pesticide Expenditures: Users

U.S. expenditures at the user level on conventional and other pesticides totaled more than $11 billion in both 1998 and 1999 (see Table 2.3). The conventional and other pesticides comprising the expenditure estimates include herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, nematicides, fumigants, sulfur, petroleum oil, and others. The estimates exclude expenditures on specialty biocides, wood preservatives, and chlorine/hypochlorites.

Reductions in spending in the agricultural sector on all pesticides, except other, more than offset increases in spending in the non-agricultural sectors in 1999, resulting in a decline in total 1999 expenditures. Expenditures in the agriculture sector accounted for more than two-thirds of total expenditures in both years. Herbicide expenditures dominated in all sectors except the home and garden sector, where insecticides comprise nearly 60% of all expenditures (see Figure 2.2). The estimated expenditures rely on the estimated changes in pesticide expenditures by sector and type provided in public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 2.3
U.S. User Expenditures for Pesticides
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 1998 and 1999 Estimates
Year Herbicides/ Plant Growth Regulators Insecticides/ Miticides Fungicides  Other(1 Total
Market Sector Mil
$
% Mil
$
% Mil
$
% Mil
$
% Mil
$
%
1998
Agriculture $5,632 82% $1,427 50% $695 74% $514 68% $8,268 72%
Ind/
Comm/ Gov
$728 11% $425 15% $215 23% $77 10% $1,445 13%
Home & Garden $493 7% $1,020 36% $26 3% $164 22% $1,703 15%
Total $6,853 100% $2,872 100% $936 100% $755 100% $11,416 100%
1999
Agriculture $5,012 79% $1,370 45% $660 73% $583 70% $7,625 68%
Ind/
Comm/ Gov
$794 12% $463 15% $215 24% $74 9% $1,546 14%
Home & Garden $562 9% $1,213 40% $35 4% $174 21% $1,984 18%
Total $6,368 100% $3,046 100% $910 100% $831 100% $11,155 100%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table does not cover industrial wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys and EPA proprietary data.
See Table 5.1 to Table 5.4 for 1980-1999 estimates.
(1) “Other” includes nematicides, fumigants, rodenticides, molluscicides, aquatic and fish/bird pesticides, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, plus other chemicals used as pesticides, e.g., sulfur and petroleum.

Figure 2.2
U.S. User Expenditures for Pesticides
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 1999 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Dollars by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 1999 estimates as presented in Table 2.3)

2.4  U.S. Pesticide and Farm Expenditures

Pesticides form an important component of total farm expenditures and are integral to farm budgeting and management. U.S. pesticide expenditures in 1998 and 1999 totaled 4.4% and 4.0% of total farm expenditures, respectively (see Table 2.4). Total farm expenditures increased slightly in 1999 while pesticide expenditures declined. Total farm expenditures are based on USDA estimates and pesticide expenditures from Table 2.3.

Table 2.4
U.S. Farm Production Expenditures
(Billions $)
Expenditure 1998 1999
Total
$188.6
$192.1
Pesticides
$8.3
$7.6
Pesticides as % of Total
4.4%
4.0%

Source: EPA Estimates (Table 2.3); USDA/ National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (http://www.usda.gov/nass exit EPA disclaimer).

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