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1998-1999 Pesticide Market Estimates: Usage (Page 4)

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Sections: 3.1-3.3 | 3.4-3.6 | 3.7-3.8 | 3.9-3.10

3.9  U.S. Pesticide Amount Used: Other

Total amount of other pesticides used in the U.S. was slightly less than 300 million pounds in 1998, and more than 330 million pounds in 1999 (see Table 3.9). The pesticides in this group include sulfur and petroleum oil, and other chemicals used as pesticides, such as sulfuric acid, insect repellants (e.g., DEET), moth control products (e.g., paradichlorobenzene), and others.1 Nearly all of the sulfur and oil usage (85%) is in the agricultural sector, while the usage of the other pesticides in this group is mainly in the agricultural and home and garden sectors (93%). The increase in the amount used in 1999 resulted mainly from an increase in the usage of sulfur and petroleum oil in the agricultural sector. The amount of sulfur and petroleum oil and of the other pesticides in this group in the non-agricultural sectors did not change significantly between 1998 and 1999. Nearly three-fourths of the total amount of sulfur, oil and other pesticides used was in the agricultural sector. The estimated usage relies on the amount used and changes in the amount used of sulfur, oil, and other pesticides by sector and type derived from public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 3.9
U.S. Pounds of Other Pesticides
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 1998 and 1999 Estimates
Year
Sulfur & Oil
Other (1)
Total
Sector Mil lbs
of a.i.
% Mil lbs
of a.i.
% Mil lbs
of a.i.
%
1998
Agriculture 160 85% 52 50% 212 72%
Ind/Comm/Gov 14 7% 8 8% 22 7%
Home & Garden 15 8% 45 43% 60 20%
Total 189 100% 105 100% 294 100%
1999
Agriculture 190 87% 60 53% 250 75%
Ind/Comm/Gov 14 6% 8 7% 22 7%
Home & Garden 15 7% 45 40% 60 18%
Total 219 100% 113 100% 332 100%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table estimates do not include industrial wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA/NASS (http://www.usda.gov/nass exit EPA disclaimer), and EPA proprietary data.
See Table 5.5 to Table 5.8 for 1980-1999 estimates.
(1) "Other" includes sulfuric acid, insect repellents, zinc sulfate, moth control chemicals (e.g., paradichlorobenzene and napthaline), and other miscellaneous chemicals produced largely for nonpesticidal purposes.

3.10  U.S. Pesticide Amount Used: Specialty Biocides and Chlorine/Hypochlorites

Tables 3.10a and 3.10b show the total amount of specialty biocides and chlorine/hypochlorites by end-use market in the U.S. in 1998 and 1999, respectively. Specialty biocides include water treatment chemicals, disinfectants and sanitizers, and products for other uses, such as in adhesives and sealants, leather, etc. More than two-thirds of the total amount of specialty biocides comprised water treatment chemicals. Chlorine/
hypochlorites serve as water disinfectants, with 60% of their amount used in potable and waste water and 40% in recreational water. The estimates of the amount used rely on EPA proprietary databases and industry projections.

Table 3.10a
U.S. Pounds of Specialty Biocides
By End Use Market, 1998 and 1999 Estimates
Year
Total
End Use
Mil lbs
of a.i.
%
1998
Recreational and Industrial Water Treatment (1) 210 68%
Disinfectants and Sanitizers (2) 48 16%
Other Specialty Biocides (3) 51 17%
Total 309 100%
1999
Recreational and Industrial Water Treatment (1) 230 67%
Disinfectants and Sanitizers (2) 62 18%
Other Specialty Biocides (3) 51 15%
Total 343 100%

Source: EPA estimates based on EPA proprietary data.
1. “Recreational and Industrial Water Treatment” does not include hypochlorite or chlorine consumption, which is reported separately.
2. “Disinfectants and Sanitizers” includes industrial/institutional applications and household cleaning products. Specialty biocides only. Does not include hypochlorite or chlorine consumption, which is reported separately.
3. “Other Specialty Biocides” includes biocides for adhesives and sealants, leather, synthetic latex polymers, metalworking fluids, paints and coatings, petroleum products, plastics, and mineral slurries.

Table 3.10b
U.S. Pounds of Chlorine/Hypochlorites
By End Use Market, 1998 and 1999 Estimates
Year
Total
End Use
Mil lbs
of a.i.
%
1998
Disinfectant of Potable and Waste Water 1,520 60%
Disinfectant for Recreational Water 1,012 40%
Total 2,532 100%
1999
Disinfectant of Potable and Waste Water 1,566 60%
Disinfectant for Recreational Water 1,043 40%
Total 2,609 100%

Source: EPA estimates based on EPA proprietary data.

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