Nano Technology and Radiation Cleanup
The application of nanotechnology or nano-enabled processes to remediate waste sites has the potential to provide more rapid, cost-effective cleanup than do conventional approaches. For the purposes of this document, Nano-Enabled Environmental Applications for Radionuclides, the phrase,"nano-enabled technologies and/or processes," refers to the use and incorporation of nano systems, i.e., tools, materials, functions, scales, etc.
This document is the first in a series of reports on the use of nanotechnology in the cleanup of materials contaminated with radionuclides. It reviews existing information on some of the nano materials, processes, and technologies potentially applicable to cleaning up radiation-contaminated materials. It represents a snapshot of some lessons learned about nano-science and engineering over the last 5-10 years. It also points out some potential environmental concerns and health implications. EPA has developed this document to assist decision makers who are considering the use of nano-enabled technologies for cleaning up environmental contaminants.
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Potential Nano-Enabled Environmental Applications for Radionuclides
Entire Document "Potential Nano-Enabled Environmental Applications for Radionuclides [EPA 402-R-09-002], January 2009
Executive Summary(2 pp, 85 K)
Chapter 1: Introduction(29 pp, 199 K)
Chapter 3: Nano-Enabled Sensor Technologies including (5 pp, 112 K)
- Lab-on-a-Chip (10 pp, 719 K)
- Spectroscopic Senors ( 8pp, 289 K)
- Nanowire Sensors (5 pp, 175 K)
- Nonocantilevers (6 pp, 454 K)
Chapter 4: Observations and Conclusions (3 pp, 87 K)