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Abandoned Oil

INTRODUCTION

This Industry Profile Fact Sheet is presented by the EPA Region 3 to assist state, local, and municipal agencies, and private groups in the initial planning and evaluation of sites being considered for remediation, redevelopment or reuse. It is intended to provide a general description of site conditions and contaminants which may be encountered at specific industrial facilities. This fact sheet is presented for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as a federal policy or directive.

INDUSTRY, PROCESS, OR SITE DESCRIPTION

The term abandoned oil facility refers to any structure, group of structures, equipment, or device (other than a vessel) which is used for drilling, producing, storing, handling, transferring, processing, recycling and/or transporting of oil.

CHARACTERISTIC RAW MATERIALS

Characteristic raw materials found at abandoned oil facilities include, but are not limited to fuel oils, motor oils, oil sludges, oil refuse and oil mixed with wastes.

WASTE STREAMS AND POTENTIALLY AFFECTED ENVIRONMENTAL MEDIA

Waste streams associated with abandoned oil facilities include solids and liquids containing petroleum hydrocarbons, metals (such as sulfur, zinc, calcium, barium, phosphorus, lead, aluminum, iron) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Facilities may also contain oils that are corrosive. Used or recycled oils may contain additional contaminants from their prior use. These waste streams can contaminate soil and groundwater from repetitive spills, burial of sludges/tank bottoms and leaking tanks and process lines.

SAMPLING STRATEGIES

Numerous soil screening products are available to detect total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil and water. Assessments should include sampling or screening of oils remaining on site, surface soils, surface water (if in close proximity to the site), and groundwater (monitoring wells or local residential wells). If surface soil and/or groundwater contamination is documented, and/or if underground storage tanks are/were present on site, subsurface soil should be tested.

SUGGESTED ANALYTICAL PARAMETERS

Priority Pollutant Organics Analysis (volatiles, semivolatiles, and pesticides/PCBs)

Target Analyte List (TAL) Metals

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH)

Region 3 | Mid-Atlantic Cleanup | Mid-Atlantic Brownfields & Land Revitalization


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