Buckingham County Landfill
EPA ID: VAD089027973
Dillwyn, VA 23936
- Public Notice - US EPA Reviews
Cleanup at Buckingham County Landfill Site (PDF) (1 p, 654 K)
- EPA Conducting Five Year Review (PDF) (4 pp, 26.3 K)
The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact: Vance Evans
On This Page
- During the 2008 five-year review of the Buckingham County Landfill, the EPA found that the cleanup remedy in the 1994 Record of Decision was not effective in protecting human health and the environment, and therefore, the agency is revisiting this site by conducting a new comprehensive investigation.
- Information gathered during the new investigation will be used to determine the best available technology that is appropriate in cleaning up the site.
- The 2008 five-year review found that as many as nine site-related contaminants, one of which is 1,4-dioxane, a stabilizer found in solvents, has migrated in groundwater beyond point of compliance wells. Up until recently, 1,4-dioxane was not easily detected in groundwater, however, a new standard testing method is now available to detect it.
- The work plan for the new investigation was finalized in March 2009 and the field work was completed in November. The draft focused feasibility study (which looks at the potential effectiveness of various cleanup methods) has been completed and has been reviewed by the EPA and VADEQ. The EPA and VADEQ have identified additional information that is needed to complete the FFS; which the PRPs are in the process of collecting.
- It is important to note that the two closest downgradient residential monitoring wells have been sampled on a quarterly basis since 1996. Test results continue to indicate the wells are safe to use as a source of drinking water. A comprehensive residential groundwater study was performed by EPA in 2009. This study involved the two regularly monitored residential wells and additional residential wells up and downgradient of the Site. Results of that study demonstrated that none of the residential wells have been impacted by the contamination from the landfill.
- Field work was completed during the fall of 2012 to install additional monitoring wells needed to delineate the groundwater contamination plume. EPA is now working with the PRPs to develop plans to conduct a field treatability study needed to determine if chemical oxidation treatment of the contamination will work as a viable technology to address contamination found at the site.
- EPA completed the Five Year Review in August 2013 (PDF) (179 pp, 14.1 MB), which evaluated the remedy currently in place at the site. EPA is currently working with the PRPs to address the issues and recommendations identified in the report.
- The Buckingham County Landfill occupies eight acres, including a two-acre hazardous waste disposal area, near the town of Dillwyn.
- The primitive disposal operation involved emptying solvent and paint waste into a series of trenches, whereby the byproducts of evaporation, known as still bottoms, were buried and remain today. Crushed drums were placed in another trench where they remain today, as well.
- Investigation in 1992 showed that on-site groundwater wells were contaminated with very high levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Potential risks exist if people ingest or come into direct contact with this contaminated groundwater.
- An estimated 1,100 people use wells within three miles of the site and approximately 40 people live within a half mile of the site.
- A landfill cap was completed in 1998.
- A groundwater study was done also done in 1998, to design the long-term groundwater monitoring program, and the first round of sampling was completed in September 1998.
NPL Listing History
|Status:||Final: October 1989|
|Proposed: April 1985|
- The Record of Decision (ROD) (which describes the cleanup methods to be used) was issued in September 1994 and contained two options:
- Monitoring the groundwater and installing a cap over the hazardous waste disposal area.
- Monitoring the groundwater, limiting off-site treatment, and installing a cap over the hazardous waste disposal area, but if migration of the contaminated plume was detected, Option 2 also included a contingency plan to pump and treat the groundwater.
- Contaminant descriptions and associated risk factors are available at the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry website.
- To search an on-line database of all documents and reports on the Kim-Stan Landfill site, go to EPA’s Administrative Record Database.
- All documents and reports can also be reviewed in person at these locations:
Contact Joyce Nelson at 434-983-3848
Buckingham County Library
1140 Main Street
U.S. EPA Region III
1650 Arch Street-6th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below.
Third Five-Year Review (PDF) (179 pp, 14.1 MB)
Record of Decision
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. $Fee$ for requests over 100 pages.
- Site Progress Profile — a quick reference sheet, linking to EPA's Headquarters.
- Federal Register
02/17/05: DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Notice of Lodging of Consent Decree Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
10/14/1998: EPA Exceeds Regional Goal with 11 Mid-Atlantic Cleanups
- Fact Sheets
February 2013 (PDF) (4 pp, 654 K)
November 2008 - Site Update (PDF) (2 pp,117 K)
- Public Notice
July 2013 (PDF) (4 pp, 26.3 K)