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EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)
EPA ID# PAD002280725
3rd Congressional District
Last Update: February
Current Site Status
The U.S Environmental Protection Agency completed its short-term cleanup, also known as a removal, at the Franklin Smelting site in 2001 and no further activities are planned at the site. The agency removed and transported the contaminated soil from the site. Approximately 21,500 tons of contaminated soil and debris and 6,535 tons of the zinc oxide tote bag materials has been shipped offsite for treatment and disposal. 12,500 tons of the lead and cadmium contaminated high copper bearing feedstock material has been shipped to the Noranda-Horne Smelter in Canada and has been certified as wholly utilized in order to recover copper, precious metals and/or other metallurgical recyclables. This recycling option, rather than the disposal, resulted in a savings of approximately $840,000 to the government.
This site was home to a secondary copper smelting facility since 1935 and shut down in September 1997 for financial reasons. The main operation at the Site consisted of purchasing feedstock material to be smelted into copper blister ingots. This feedstock material contained high levels of copper in addition to lead, arsenic, zinc, cadmium and various other heavy metals.
- Site Responsibility
- This site is being addressed by a Superfund Removal Action.
- NPL Listing History
- This site is not currently on the National Priorities List.
Threats and Contaminants
The primary threat posed by the site was the extremely high lead levels (up to 11 percent) present in zinc oxide dust, feedstock and debris piles, deteriorated drums, and contaminated soils on site. In addition to the lead contamination, elevated levels of arsenic, cadmium, and other heavy metals are present. These contaminants posed a threat of uncontrolled release through airborne offsite migration and surface water runoff. In addition to the heavy metal contamination, elevated levels of PCBs were discovered in leaking transformers on site.
Contaminant descriptions and risk factors are available from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an arm of the CDC.
Site personnel and equipment have been de-mobilized from the site and control of the property has been turned back over to Franklin Smelting and Refining Corporation.