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EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)
EPA ID# PAD089667695
18th Congressional District
Last Update: January 2015
Current Site Status
In May 2014, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to address the designed system for controlling and treating groundwater from inside the WMA containment, and EPA approved the final (100%) design in May 2014.
Remedial construction began in May 2014. Contaminated soils from both off-facility and on-facility locations were consolidated into the WMA, and the WMA subsurface drainage system, slurry wall, and cap were installed. Remedial construction work was substantially completed in December 2014. Site restoration work for both off-facility and on-facility areas will be completed in the spring of 2015. The Montour Trail adjacent to the Site was closed during construction but reopened in December 2014.
In addition to the completion of site restoration, a second phase pilot subsurface injection program will begin in the spring of 2015 for the in situ treatment of groundwater outside the WMA containment. In conjunction with this work, groundwater monitoring will be conducted to monitor the performance of the WMA containment and assess the progress of the ongoing groundwater treatment.
Site DescriptionThe Breslube Penn site is located on Ewing Road in Moon Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The site is surrounded by a steep hillside to the north and west and bordered by Montour Run, a freshwater stream used for fishing, to the east and south. Site surface runoff is reported to drain into Montour Run. There are 35 people within 0.25 miles and 94 people within 1.0 miles of the site who utilize groundwater. Public drinking water supplies are not contaminated at this time; however, potential does exist for migration of contaminated groundwater, thereby posing a risk of exposure for 33,634 residents who live within one to three miles of the site. In 1978, a fuel oil recycling facility was constructed on the site by Wiseman Oil, Inc. The facility was used to manufacture lubricating oil by recycling waste oil. Due to financial difficulties, the facility ceased operation in 1983 and Breslube Penn, Inc., acquired the property from Wiseman Oil Inc. Breslube Penn, Inc., utilized the site as a fuel-oil processing facility from 1983 to 1986. For some time after 1986, the site was used as a waste-oil transfer station. During operations, a waste clay filtering agent was generated. The waste generated during this process was covered with clean fill and stockpiled on-site.
- Site Responsibility
- This site is being addressed through federal actions and through actions by the potentially responsible parties (PRPs).
- NPL Listing History
- Our country's most serious, uncontrolled, or abandoned hazardous waste sites can be cleaned using federal money. To be eligible for federal cleanup money, a site must be put on the National Priorities List. This site was proposed to the list on October 2, 1995 and formally added to the list on June 17, 1996.
Threats and ContaminantsElevated levels of inorganics, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), volatile organics compounds (VOCs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were found in on-site soils; and elevated levels of inorganics, PCBs, and VOCs in well sources were found at the site. Also, at the time of the initial site inspection, ten people occupied on-site residences. Currently the site is not occupied. During the current Remedial Investigation (RI) additional compounds were found in the on-site soil, notably, elevated levels of dioxin.
Contaminant descriptions and risk factors are available from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an arm of the CDC.
In November 1987, Breslube Penn, Inc., signed a Consent Order (CO) with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP). The Consent Order required the removal of all large fuel storage tanks and all oil-contaminated soils and the performance of a groundwater investigation. In addition, the order required that the waste-oil transfer station be operated in compliance with PADEP regulations. Breslube Penn, Inc., complied with the CO by draining and removing the oil storage tanks (45), constructing monitoring wells around the site, and disposing of non-contaminated debris and a portion of the waste-clay filtering-agent stockpile. However, three empty tanks with oil residues were left at the site. Subsequently, Breslube Penn Inc. demolished all the buildings, including homes, and removed the debris. Breslube Penn also scraped the contaminated top soil and piled it up at the site. This soil was mixed with remaining filter cake waste.
In 1992, after an unsuccessful attempt to negotiate with Breslube Penn Inc., EPA completed a removal action in 1994 to dispose of this pile. In 1997, Breslube Penn performed voluntary removal of the three empty oil tanks with the bottom oil residue. EPA initiated the process of performing a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) in October 1996. In August 1997, Special Notice Letters were sent to PRPs including newly discovered PRPs. As more PRPs were discovered, a major conflict of interest was identified for the EPA assigned contractor performing the RI/FS. A decision was made to issue the work to another EPA contractor. Meanwhile, the PRPs formed a group and expressed interest in performing the RI/FS and signed an AOC with EPA to perform the RI/FS activities.
Field work for RI/FS activities were initiated in November 2000. All the phases of investigation were completed in March of 2003. The draft Remedial Investigation (RI) was completed in April of 2003. Series of EPA comments and the PRP responses were exchanged during the period October 2003 to December 2004. In March 2005, PRP sent a notice of objections pursuant to AOC. This notice of objection was withdrawn in month of May, 2005. The revised Final RI based on EPA comments was completed in March 2005. In March 2005, PRP initiated Feasibility Study (FS) activities and after several revisions to the draft FS report submitted by PRP, FS report was finalized in December 2006. EPA has initiated a court action to recover cost incurred during the past removal actions.The Feasibility Study (FS) was finalized in December of 2006. A public meeting was held on March 18, 2007 to explain the Proposed Remedail Action Plan and a Record of Decision outlining EPA selected remedy was issued on August 29, 2007. The remedial design work started in September 2009. The remedial design work plan was finalized. PRPs have completed 30% design for the the Waste Management Area (WMA) cap and slurry wall. The draft 90% design for WMA cap & Slurry wall was submitted by PRP in November 2011 and final design expected to be completed in February 2012. EPA concluded a settlement with last remaining party in December 2011 and a Consent Decree (CD) has been lodged. Thus EPA has recovered almost 100% cost of cleanup. Floating oil recovery system was discontinued due to very low yield. Instead a tench system is incorporated in the remedial design to allow drainage of oil in a collection system .
All phases of Remedial Investigation (RI) were completed in March 2003.
In March 2005, the PRPs initiated Feasibility Study (FS) activities, the FS report was finalized in December 2006.
On August 29, 2007, EPA issued a Record of Decision outlining selected remedy for the Site.
The remedial design started in September 2009.
A pilot study for groundwater treatment was then started in the summer of 2011. PRPs have completed 30% design for the Waste Management Area (WMA) cap and slurry wall.
The PRPs initiated remedial construction of the Waste Management Area (WMA) and slurry wall for the 2013 construction season.