York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority
Current Site Information
EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)Pennsylvania
EPA ID# PAD980830715
19th Congressional District
Last Update: August 2012
York County Refuse Authority
Current Site Status
The remedy consists of groundwater extraction and treatment, environmental monitoring, and a provision for continuation of an alternate water source for affected off-site residential wells. The York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority performs monitoring and response activities. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency published in the Federal Register on December 14, 2004, a notice of intent to delete and a direct final notice of deletion of the site from the National Priorities List. Since the Agency did not receive adverse comments within two prescribed public comment periods of 30 days each, the direct final notice to delete took effect on February 12, 2005. The EPA and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania determined that all appropriate response actions, other than operation and maintenance and five year reviews, have been completed. The deletion notice does not preclude future actions under Superfund. In September 2008, the Responsible Parties completed construction of the Hopewell Area Recreation Complex at the site that includes playing fields, walking trails, a picnic pavillion, a wildlife habitat area, and playgrounds.
EPA is currently conducting the third Five Year Review of the Site. In December 2011 EPA conducted a Five Year Review site inspection in conjunction with Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and the York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority. The Five Year Review report is scheduled to be completed by September 2012. EPA continues to conduct periodic site visits, and review quarterly and annual progress reports.
The York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority Landfill located in York County, Pennsylvania (19th Congressional District) is a 300 acre site where 135 of the acres are used for municipal and industrial waste disposal in an unlined landfill. The site has been in operation since 1974 and receives an average of 400 tons of waste each day. The site is fenced, but public access is not restricted. Off-site groundwater contamination with several organic chemicals has been documented since 1983. The County has installed pumping wells and water treatment operations to control runoff and groundwater migration. Approximately 330 people live within a 1-mile radius of the site. The closest residence is less than 1,000 feet from the site. Approximately 2,200 people living within 3 miles of the site continue to receive their drinking water from groundwater being monitored by the County's Solid Waste and Refuse Authority. The groundwater is contaminated with various volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from past disposal practices. The potential health threats to area residents include drinking or coming in contact with contaminated groundwater
EPA completed the second Five-Year Review for the Site in September 2007. In the Review, EPA was unable to make a protectiveness determination because additional sample analytical results were necessary to determine impacts on the surface water and sediment in the wetlands. Additionally, EPA recognized there is the potential for vapor intrusion to the homes in the vicinity of the landfill. EPA worked with the York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority to conduct the additional sampling necessary to make a protectiveness determination. Surface water and sediment samples were collected to evaluate the wetlands, and residential indoor and outdoor ambient air samples were collected to evaluate the potential for vapor intrusion. EPA determined there was no significant ecological impact to the wetlands from the Site, and that vapor intrusion is not an issue at the Site. An addendum to the 2007 Five Year Review was signed on September 11, 2009 which documented the remedy at the Site is protective of human health and the environment.
EPA continues to monitor the cleanup progress by reviewing quarterly progress reports and annual groundwater monitoring reports.
Site ResponsibilityThis site is being addressed through a combination of federal, state, and potentially responsible parties' actions.
NPL Listing HistoryThis site was proposed to the National Priorities List of the most serious uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites, requiring long term remedial action on April 10, 1985. The site was formally added to the list July 22, 1987. The site was deleted from the list on February 12, 2005.
Threats and ContaminantsThe groundwater is contaminated with various volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from past disposal practices. The potential health threats to area residents include drinking or coming in contact with contaminated ground water. Pumping and treating will be continued until the maximum contaminants levels are achieved and maintained throughout the entire plume of contamination.
Contaminant descriptions and risk factors are available from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an arm of the CDC.