IMPORTANT NOTICE – Please Read
Beginning October 1, 2015, this website will undergo improvements. During this time, access to some information may not be immediately available. For assistance locating information, please contact the Community Involvement Coordinator listed below in the "Contacts" section of this page. Thank you for your patience as we work to improve your access to site information.
Safety Light Corporation
EPA ID: PAD987295276
Congressional District: 13th
Other Names: None
Last Updated: December 2012
- Community Update Demolition Status - December 2014 (PDF) (2 pp, 353 k)
- Community Briefing on Demolition- May 2014 (PDF) (2 pp, 618 k)
- Structural Support Work and Demolition Update - August 2013 (PDF) (2 pp, 399 k)
- ROD Public Notice 9/10 (PDF) (1 p, 75.3 k)
The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact:
Trish Taylor 215-814-5539
On This Page
- The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) performed an environmental study, called a Remedial Investigation (RI) at Safety Light Corporation (SLC) in three separate pieces, called Operable Units (OU).
- Limited demolition work was completed at the site in the summer of 2009. Seven damaged and structurally unsafe on-site buildings and related debris were removed.
- EPA has a cleanup plan for the remaining on-site buildings under Operable Unit-1 (OU-1). This cleanup will involve the demolition of both the radioactive and non-radioactive Safety Light structures and removal of the debris to a properly licensed disposal facility.
- The OU-1 cleanup decision document issued by EPA (Called a Record of Decision (PDF) (59 pp, 3.45MB)) is available for review.
- Pre-Demolition activites are currently being performed for the remaining site buildings (OU-1 Remedy).
- These activities include execution of a state Superfund contract and development of a demolition debris disposal strategy.
- Groundwater monitoring data is currently being organized and evaluated for Operable Unit 2 (OU-2), and EPA is preparing a Remedial Investigation report. During 2013 EPA will collect ground water samples at a distance from the Safety Light Site to determine background concentrations of radionuclides and metals.
- The soils/sediment/surface water data for Operable Unit 3 (OU-3) is currently being organized and evaluated, with an Remedial Investigation report from EPA to follow.
- Although SLC no longer performs production activities at the site using radionuclides, Safety Light is continuing to perform safety/security activities at the site, pursuant to a Unilateral Administrative Order issued by EPA in 2007. Safety/security activities include maintenance of the site fencing, sprinkler system, and electronic security system.
- The Safety Light Corporation Site is located on 10 acres in South Centre Township near Bloomsburg, Columbia County, Pennsylvania.
- The site is bounded on the north by Old Berwick Road, on the east and west by residential areas, and on the south by the North Branch of the Susquehanna River.
- Past activities at SLC include the manufacturing of self-illuminated watches and instrument dials, smoke detectors, neutron sources, exit signs, and other merchandise containing radioactive materials, as well as activities regulated under the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).
- From the 1940s to the 1960s, manufacturing at the property used several radionuclides, including radium.
- Prior to 1980, activities involving radium-226 and most other radionuclides ceased, and tritium remained as the only radionuclide used in the manufacturing of self-illuminating devices, primarly exit signs.
- Waste generated at SLC includes solid and liquid waste streams contaminated with radioactive materials, including radium-226, strontium-90, cesium-137, and tritium.
- In 2005, the EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) of most hazardous waste sites in the country, making the site eligible for federal cleanup.
NPL Listing History
|Status: Final||Added: 2005|
- Several sampling investigations and environmental assessments have been conducted at SLC, including many evaluations conducted by SLC for property characterization.
- In 1981, the NRC conducted an environmental survey of the SLC property, during which, monitoring wells were found to contain tritium above the baseline water samples and strontium-90 above the NRC guideline level of 3 x 10-7 microcuries per milliliter (uCi/ml) in unrestricted areas. Elevated levels of radium-226, cesium-137, and strontium-90 were also found in surface and subsurface soils.
- SLC was required by the NRC to begin remediating radiological waste disposed in the two underground silos. The NRC requested EPA's assistance for the cleanup of the property because SLC had insufficient funds to complete this remediation project and proceed with any other cleanup actions.
- EPA performed a remedial investigation (environmental study) of the site in three separate pieces (called Operable Units).
- Operable Unit One is focused primarily on buildings. Field work for the environmental investigation of buildings at the site was substantially completed in 2006. The Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) report has been completed. EPA has developed a cleanup plan for the remaining on-site buildings under OU-1. This remedy involves the demolition of both the radioactive and non-radioactive Safety Light structures and removal of the debris to a properly licensed disposal facility.
- Operable Unit Two addresses the groundwater at the site. Field work for the environmental investigation of groundwater continues. In 2007, EPA installed three deep bedrock monitoring wells at the site to complete the groundwater data collection. In 2008, groundwater samples were collected from monitoring wells at the site and analyzed for contamination. The groundwater monitoring data is currently being organized and evaluated, and EPA is preparing an RI report.
- Operable Unit Three addresses soils, sediment, and surface water. During 2008, EPA completed the water sample collection, and submitted the samples for laboratory analysis. The soils/sediment/surface water data is currently being organized and evaluated, and EPA is preparing an RI report.
- The EPA Removal program, with aid from the U.S Army Corps of Engineers, removed radioactive waste from the site which was exhumed from two underground silos at the site. More than 200 drums were removed for disposal off site.
- EPA established an interagency agreement with the US Army Corps of Engineers to accomplish the demolition and off-site disposal of seven buildings at the site. The demolition of seven buildings, and off-site disposal of demolition debris was completed in the summer of 2009.
- Activities at the site have resulted in radioactive contamination of soil, surface water, sediment, ground water and buildings.
- Analyses of groundwater collected onsite have indicated the presence of radionuclides at concentrations that are elevated.
- The onsite soil and groundwater is contaminated with various radioactive isotopes including radium, strontium 90, and tritium.
- Contaminant descriptions and risk factors are available from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an arm of the CDC.
- To search an on-line database of all documents and reports on the Safety Light Corporation site, go to EPA’s Administrative Record Database.
- Documents and reports can also be reviewed in person at these locations:
Bloomsburg Public Library 225
Market Street Bloomsburg, PA 17815
U.S. EPA Region III
1650 Arch Street-6th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below.
Record of Decision (PDF) (59 pp, 3.45 MB)
Community Involvement Plan (PDF) (48 pp, 1.71MB)
Public Health Assessment (PDF) (88 pp, 2.52 MB)
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. $Fee$ for requests over 100 pages. If the document you are looking for is not available in the Administrative Record Database, submit a FOIA request
|After demolition project|
(Click on a thumbnail to enlarge the photo)
- Fact Sheets
December 2014 (PDF) (2 pp, 353 k)
May 2014 (PDF) (2 pp, 618 k)
August 2013 (PDF) (2 pp, 399 k)
November 2012 (PDF) (2 pp, 148 k)
April 2010 (PDF) (4 pp, 474 k)
July 2009 (PDF) (4 pp, 453 K)
June 2008 (PDF) (4 pp, 577 K)
December 2007 (PDF) (2 pp, 165 K)
EECA_Open House_12-19-06 (PDF) (4 pp, 267 K)
September 2006 (PDF) (4 pp, 227 K)
May 2005 (PDF) (2 pp, 137 K)
October 2004 (PDF) (2 pp, 220 K)
- Public Notices
ROD Public Notice 9/10 (PDF) (1 p, 75.3 k)
- Safety Light Corp Superfund Site Community Involvement Plan (PDF) (48 pp, 1.71 MB)
- This site currently does not meet the criteria for Site-wide Ready for Anticipated Use; however parts of the site may be suitable for reuse.
- Want more information about how to reuse a Superfund site?