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Saltville Power Plant
EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)
EPA ID# VA0000878090
9th Congressional District
Last Update: July 2004
Current Site Status
The Olin Corporation, under an EPA order, has completed the cleanup of the Saltville Power Plant, demolishing the power plant building and covering the foundation with clean soil to eliminate the potential for direct contact. A deed restriction has been placed on the property limiting it to industrial use only.
The Site is located in Saltville, Smyth County, Virginia approximately one-half mile northeast of Virginia Route 634 and three-quarter mile north of the business district of the Town of Saltville. The Site consisted of a building used as a power plant to generate steam to operate other facilities at the former Olin Corporation chemical complex. The building has been demolished and most of the remnants taken off site for recycling (i.e., metal, useful machinery, or hazardous materials properly disposed.)
- Site Responsibility
- This Site is being addressed by Olin Corporation, the Potentially Responsible Party (PRP), under an EPA Superfund Removal Order.
- NPL Listing History
- This Site is not on the National Priorities List.
Threats and Contaminants
Low levels of lead and asbestos remain in the soil around he building foundation. Sample analysis from the piles of rubble indicate the presence of lead, asbestos, and arsenic. The analysis also indicates that the contaminates are not susceptible to mobility by leaching, with the exception of a low concentration of arsenic in one rubble sample. ATSDR documented that the levels of the inorganic metals (other than arsenic) in the rubble were not a public health threat, and that the small amount of arsenic that might leach into the nearby Holston River will not cause any health threat.
In September 1994, EPA conducted a sampling assessment at the Site and discovered the following materials: bags of water treatment chemicals used during the steam generation process, several oil drums, residual materials in tanks and vats, lead-contaminated floor dust/sweepings and asbestos contaminated material (ACM) located throughout the building. In March 1995 ATSDR issued a health consultation for the Site, stating that the Site poses a public health threat primarily due to the presence of friable asbestos at the Site.
In July 1995, EPA and Olin Corporation signed a Consent Order requiring Olin to perform certain tasks at the Site, including conducting an extent of contamination study, removing and properly disposing all hazardous substances and ACM, removing and properly decontaminating and/or disposing all process equipment and ancillary systems in the building, and to demolish the building.
The equipment has been removed and the building demolished to its foundation. Approximately 1020 cubic yards of ACM and 50,000 lbs. of RCRA D008 waste (ACM and lead mixture) have been transported from the Site for disposal. Olin conducted the extent of contamination study in and around the building footprint in June 1998, and analyzed the constituents of the rubble piles in October 1998.