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Fort Pickett

EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)

Brunswick, Dinwiddie, and Nottoway Counties

EPA ID# VA2210020705

4th Congressional District

Last Update: August 2009

Other Names


Current Site Status

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is overseeing the cleanup of the Fort Pickett site. The site has been divided into two investigative zones, known as Zone 1 and Zone 2. Fort Pickett has conducted a Preliminary Assessment/Site Investigation (PA/SI) to determine the extent of contamination in each of the facility’s two zones. The results of the Zone 1 PA/SI indicated the need to conduct a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) to explore cleanup options at two site locations and small scale removal actions to address contamination at smaller sites. The PA/SI results for Zone 2 indicated the need to conduct an RI/FS at four site locations, bringing the total number of RI/FS’s at Fort Pickett to six. Also, removal actions have been conducted to address contamination at smaller sites within the Zone 2 perimeter.

A total of 67 PA/SI Zone 1 and Zone 2 sites have been transferred to the Local Redevelopment Authority (LRA) of Nottoway County, Virginia for reuse. Six sites had been investigated as part of the Remedial Investigation (RI)/Feasibility Study (FS) portion of the CERCLA process. To date, all the proposed six RI/FS sites have been completed, and Decision Documents for the sites have been designated as No Action and No Further Action for those completed RI/FS sites.

Site Description

The U.S. Army Garrison at Fort Pickett, Virginia is undergoing a base closure process under the Base Realignment and Closure Act (BRAC). Fort Pickett is located about 37 miles southwest of Petersburg near the Town of Blackstone. The Fort is located in portions of Brunswick, Dinwiddie, and Nottoway Counties. Fort Pickett encompasses approximately 45,148 acres, of which 45,008 have been identified as BRAC property, subject to lease or transfer. The remaining 140 acres have been identified as a potential U.S. Army Reserve enclave. Approximately 41,980 acres of the BRAC property have been transferred to the Federal National Guard Bureau, and are currently being occupied by the Virginia Army National Guard. Approximately 3,028 acres are considered excess to the Department of Defense, and approximately 2950 acres have been transferred for private use to the Fort Pickett Local Reuse Authority (LRA). The installation was established in 1942 as a World War II training camp. Fort Pickett has been primarily used to provide training facilities, maneuver training areas including live fire and artillery ranges, base operations, and mobilization support for U.S. Army Reserve and National Guard units, as well as active component units of all services.
Site Responsibility
Cleanup of this site is the responsibility of the U.S. Army under BRAC authority.
NPL Listing History
This site is a BRAC site and not proposed for the National Priorities List of most hazardous waste sites.

Threats and Contaminants

Categories of waste produced by the diverse operations carried out at the Fort over the years include the following: spent solvents, waste oil, waste fuel, fuel filters, hydraulic fluids, battery acid, contaminated sponges and rags, waste antifreeze, petroleum naphtha, paint and paint thinner, epinephrine, pesticides and PCB oil.

Contaminant descriptions and risk factors are available from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an arm of the CDC.


Cleanup Progress

Sampling and analysis of the Zone 1 parcel indicated the need to proceed to the Remedial Investigation (RI) phase of the cleanup process for two sites within the Zone 1 parcel. Field work has been completed at each Zone 1 site and the RI Report for each site has been finalized. Also, sampling and analysis of the Zone 1 parcel indicated the need to conduct several small scale removal actions within Zone 1. The removal actions have been conducted and the Closeout Report has been finalized and incorporated into a No Further Action Decision Document.

The PA/SI efforts within the Zone 2 perimeter of the site has been completed. Results of this sampling have been reviewed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ). Two additional Remedial Investigations and several small scale removal actions have been recommended and concurred with by the Regulatory Agencies. The RI/FS’s for the Zone 2 sites have been completed as well as the removal actions for these sites. The removal action sites have been incorporated into a No Further Action Decision Document.

An Interim Removal Action (IRA) has been completed at the former recycling facility. The IRA consisted of the disposal of several mounds of miscellaneous car parts, metal drums, construction debris and expended ordnance related debris. The U.S. Army Explosives Ordnance Disposal Team (EOD) was on site during the entire IRA to ensure that any items found to contain explosive material were disposed of properly. No Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) was found at the site. Also, the metal debris was shredded and disposed of at the recycling facility on post. An RI to address possible subsurface and groundwater contamination has been initiated, and will continue in a phased approach. Phase I of the RI indicated areas that require additional subsurface evaluation. Phase II efforts have identified subsurface and groundwater contamination. Fort Pickett awarded a Guaranteed Fixed Price Remediation Contract to continue field efforts at this site. Phase III field efforts have been conducted, and a supplemental RI Report has been submitted for review. Additional meetings were held with Fort Pickett, VDEQ, EPA and the contractor to discuss the conclusions of the Phase III RI.
EPA received the Final Remedial Investigation (RI) Report for the Former Fire Training Area and has reviewed the document. A Removal Action was initiated at the site to address the removal of the former burn pit and tank associated with past fire training activities at the site. EPA reviewed the Removal Action Report and had no comments on the document. A No Further Action Decision Document has been generated for this site.

The Former Service Station RI has been completed. Several soil samples and groundwater monitoring wells were installed to check for the possibility of contamination at depth and across the site. A draft RI was submitted to the regulators and reviewed. EPA recommended that additional information pertaining to both human health and ecological risk assessments be provided. The revised human health and ecological risk assessments indicate that there is no risk associated with the site. The final RI report has been reviewed. A No-Action Decision Document has been generated for the site.

The Former Maintenance Compound RI Phase I field work is complete. The contractor installed several wells surrounding the site to address the possibility of groundwater contamination. This site shows evidence of buried material, a drainage ditch showing a sheen on its surface, and unknown surface soil sheen and chemical bottleware spread across the site. EPA recommended that additional groundwater sampling take place during Phase II to identify whether or not cross contamination from an adjacent petroleum contaminated site (site BCT 22) is contributing to contamination identified during the Phase I sampling effort. The Phase II RI activities have been completed, and a removal action was conducted at the site to address surface and subsurface soil contamination.

Phase I Remedial Investigation field work efforts have been completed at the two Motorpool sites (EBS 115 and EBS 124) on the BRAC parcel. Both soil and groundwater are believed to be impacted at these sites. Phase II efforts, which included a second round of groundwater and soil sampling, have been completed, and a removal action was conducted at one of the Motorpool sites.

EPA has concurred with the Army’s Finding Of Suitability to Transfer (FOST) of approximately 2,950 acres to the Local Redevelopment Authority (LRA) for future like use. The Army will retain approximately 78 acres of property in order to complete RI/FS projects before handing over the remaining 78 acres to the LRA. Also, EPA concurred with the FOST involving the transfer of the Water Treatment Facility from the U.S. Army to the town of Blackstone. The main component of this Transfer concurrence was a visit to the Water Treatment Facility by the Fort Pickett Base Closure Team (BCT). The BCT concluded, during this site visit, that the Water Treatment Facility was suitable to transfer to the town of Blackstone.


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