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Fort Eustis (US Army)
EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)
EPA ID# VA6210020321
3rd Congressional District
Last Update: February 2014
Current Site Status
The Record of Decision (ROD) for Bailey Creek was signed in 2011. EPA has approved the Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan (RD/RAWP). The remedial action to address sediments contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is currently being conducted.
A ROD for Brown's Lake was signed in 2007 to address sediments contaminated with pesticides, PCBs, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metals. Remedy completion was officially achieved in 2009; after which Long Term Monitoring (LTM) and Vegetation Monitoring commenced. LTM is conducted triennially, while Vegetation Monitoring is conducted tri-annually for a total of five years.
The ROD for Eustis Lake was signed in2009. EPA has approved the RD/RAWP and the Land Use Control Remedial Design. The remedial action to address sediments contaminated with PCBs is currently underway.
Fire Training Area
A treatability study to address chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the groundwater at the Fire Training Area was completed. The Air Force is currently in the process of completing a Focused Feasibility Study (FFS) that compares remedial alternatives for the site. The FFS is anticipated to be finalized in 2015.
The Air Force is currently in the process of completing a concise FS statement for Felker Airfield. Additional groundwater sampling was conducted in November 2011.
Landfill 7 and Landfill 1
The Air Force and EPA have agreed upon a Sampling and Analysis Plan for the collection of additional groundwater, surface water, and sediment samples to support a streamlined risk assessment and FFS for Landfill 7 and Landfill 1.
Former Skeet and Trap Range
The Former Skeet and Trap Range was divided into a Wetland Area and an Upland Area. Contaminants of concern include lead and PAHs. The Air Force is currently in the process of completing a FS for the Wetland Area and an FS for the Upland Area.
Military Munitions Response Program
Several closed and former ranges covered under the Department of Defense (DoD) Military Munitions Response Program (MMRP) are located at Ft. Eustis. As a result of a Site Inspection Report completed in 2007, six MMRP eligible sites were moved forward to the RI/FS phase. Risks from MMRP sites and ranges include Munitions and Explosives of Concern, Munitions Constituents , e.g. TNT, Nitroglycerine, certain metals such as lead, arsenic and copper, and Unexploded Ordnance The Air Force is currently in the process of completing a RI/FS for the 1000" Rifle Range. The Air Force and EPA have agreed on a RI Work Plan for the remaining five MMRP sites: Langley Field Gunnery Range, Bombing Target H, Camp Wallace Firing Fan, Skeet Range, and Skeet Range TD.
Fort Eustis is located in southeastern Virginia, within the City of Newport News. Fort Eustis is on a peninsula formed by the Warwick and James Rivers.
The installation covers more than 8,200 acres. Approximately 15,000 military personnel and civilians work, live, or train at Fort Eustis.
The Installation was originally established during World War I as a replacement-training center for Coast Artillery Corps units and a balloonist school. After being established as a permanent military installation in 1923, Fort Eustis was deactivated in 1931. Following deactivation, Fort Eustis was used as a federal correction camp, a Works Progress Administration facility, and a National Youth Administration facility. During the late 1930s and early 1940s, the Mulberry Island portion of Fort Eustis (i.e., the southern half of the Installation) was used as a bombing range for Langley Air Force Base. Fort Eustis was brought back into military service for World War II and was used by the Coast Artillery for anti-aircraft training and as a prisoner-of-war camp. In 1946, Fort Eustis became the transportation-training center for the U.S. Army.
A Federal Facilities Agreement (FFA) between EPA and the Department of the Army was signed on March 25, 2008 and became effective on July 17,2008. The FFA outlines cleanup goals and schedules, and establishes enforcement protocols such as dispute resolution. Fort Eustis was realigned with Langley Air Force Base on October 1, 2010. Fort Eustis and Langley Air Force Base are now referred to as Joint Base Langley-Eustis.
- Site Responsibility
- Cleanup of this site is the responsibility of the federal government.
- NPL Listing History
- On January 18, 1994, Fort Eustis was proposed to the National Priorities List (NPL). The NPL listing was finalized on December 16, 1994. The NPL is a list of the most serious uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites in the country.
Threats and Contaminants
Contaminants of concern at the site include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pesticides, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) chlorinated VOCs, and BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene).
Additional threats at Ft. Eustis result from the presence of several MMRP sites. These threats include Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC), Munitions Constituents (MC) and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO).
Contaminant descriptions and risk factors are available from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an arm of the CDC.
A ROD for the DOL Storage Yard was issued in 2001 to address soil and sediment contaminated with pesticides and PAHs directly under and surrounding the yard, and in the adjacent wetland and drainage swale areas. The on-site remedial action work for this site was completed in 2003. EPA approved the Remedial Action Completion Report (RACR) for this site in June 2006. LTM of the site was discontinued in 2009.
A ROD for the Oil/Sludge Holding Pond was issued in 2002. The Selected Remedy included excavation and disposal of sludge and soil that was contaminated with petroleum and metals. On-site remedial action work at this site was completed in 2004. EPA approved the RACR for this site in September 2006. LTM was discontinued in 2008.
During a 1982 water quality study, the US Army Environmental Health Agency observed fish with lesions in Brown's Lake and recommended that the lake be off-limits to fishing. As a result, Brown's Lake has remained off-limits to fishing since that time. An Interim Removal Action (IRA) was conducted in 1999 to address sediments contaminated with pesticides, PCBs, and PAHs and metals. The IRA involved draining the entire lake, excavating sediments from the upper drainage ditch, placing sediments in the deeper portion of the lake, capping the bottom of the entire lake with two feet of clean fill, restoring the lake and re-stocking it with fish. Post-IRA monitoring and a FS were completed in 2005. A ROD for Brown's Lake was issued in 2007 to address residual contamination within the Lake. The Selected Remedy included excavation and off-site disposal of sediment from a ditch (Upper Ditch) that drains into Brown's Lake, construction of a storm water retention pond within the Upper Ditch and institutional controls regarding Lake use. Remedy completion was officially achieved in August 2009 and the Site is currently in the LTM phase.
A No Action ROD for Milstead Island Creek was completed in 2008. A ROD for Eustis Lake was issued in 2009 to address sediment and fish tissue contaminated with PCBs. The selected remedy includes excavation of sediments with PCB concentrations greater than 1 mg/kg and off-site disposal, continued implementation of land use controls including the "catch and release" program, and prohibitions against swimming, wading and disturbing sediment, as well as continued monitoring of sediment and fish. Pre-Remedial Action Sampling was conducted in October 2011. The remedial action is currently underway.
PCBs were detected in fish tissue, surface water, and sediment samples collected from Bailey Creek. An IRA addressing PCB hot spot contamination was completed June 2000. Over 6,600 tons of PCB contaminated sediments were removed and disposed off site. The site was back filled to its original elevations with clean fill and re-vegetated with wetland plants. Since the IRA did not remove all the contaminated sediments, additional sediment and fish tissue samples were collected in 2001 to support a revised risk assessment. The RI/FS was completed in 2009 and thethe ROD was issued in 2011. The Selected Remedy included (1) a combination of removal and capping in target areas where concentrations in shallow sediments equal or exceed 3 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) total PCBs; (2) thin layer placement of clean fill in non-excavated areas with total PCB concentrations ranging from 1 mg/kg to 3 mg/kg; (3) monitored natural recovery in areas on the edge of the marsh where surface sediment concentrations equal or exceed 1 mg/kg total PCBs; (4) long-term monitoring of sediment and fish tissue; and (5) land use controls, including continued implementation of the "no fishing" policy, no trespassing signage, and random security patrols. Pre-Remedial Action Sampling was conducted in January 2012. The remedial action is currently underway.
A treatability study to address chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the groundwater at the Fire Training Area was completed. The Air Force is currently in the process of completing FFS to evaluate alternatives for the Site.
The Felker Airfield Tank Farm supports all aviation fueling activities for Felker Airfield. Analytical results from a 1992 Preliminary Assessment indicated that BTEX and fuel-related hydrocarbons were present in the soil at the Site. An IRA was completed in 1994, during which 3,800 cubic yards of petroleum contaminated soil were removed and treated at a bioremediation cell at Fort Eustis. Subsequent sampling events have detected BTEX, tetrachloroethene, , and 1,1,1,-trichloroethane in groundwater samples. The RI was completed in 2010. The Air Force is currently in the process of completing a concise FS statement for the site.
Landfill 7 is an unpermitted facility that was reported to have received waste (municipal solid waste, construction debris, paints, oils, pesticide and herbicide containers, and infectious/pathological waste) from 1951 to 1972. The landfill was capped in 1994. Based on aerial imagery, Landfill 1 was operated from 1937 to 1953. Various types of trash, construction debris, waste oil, paint, and garbage are reported to have been placed in the landfill. The landfill was capped with earthen materials in the 1960s. The Air Force is currently developing a streamlined risk assessment and FFS for Landfill 7 and Landfill 1.
The Former Skeet and Trap Range is located in the northern portion of the main post in the headwaters of Bailey Creek. It is bounded by Bailey Creek on the north, a wooded area on the east and west, and Lee Boulevard on the south. The Former Skeet and Trap Range operated from the 1960s to May 1998. Shotgun shells with lead pellets were used, and the pellets were shot into the upper end of Bailey Creek and the adjacent tree line and soils. The clay targets contain varying levels of PAHs. In 2002 and 2003, a two-phased IRA was conducted to address lead and PAH contamination, first in the open area of the Skeet Range site, and then in a portion of the adjacent wooded area. That action resulted in removal of over 3,300 cubic yards of contaminated soil. The Air Force is evaluating the Former Skeet and Trap Range as two separate sites, the Upland Area and the Wetland Area. Both of these sites are currently in the remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS) phase. Additional sampling of the Wetland Area took place in the fall of 2009 and was intended to further delineate the extent and amount of lead shot in wetland sediment and reevaluate concentrations of lead and PAHs in sediment.