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EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic)
EPA ID# VA0003112364
7th Congressional District
Last Update: December 2004
Current Site Status
The final phase of this EPA Removal Action was completed in December 1998 with the completion of a landfill cap and stormwater controls. EPA is engaged is post-removal action for site control, which is the periodic monitoring of one water well in Henrico County at the request of county officials.
The seven acre Hyman-Viener Site is located at 5300 Hatcher Street in southeastern Richmond, Virginia on the border with Henrico County. The facility was used as a secondary lead smelter which received raw lead, including batteries, which were processed for recycling. The primary waste produced at the Site was the slag from vats of molten lead. The slag was used as fill and grade material on the property and for State road construction. The area within a three-mile radius of the Site lies within highly developed residential and commercial sections of the City of Richmond and Henrico County. There are approximately 62,000 people within a three-mile radius of the Site, most of whom are on public drinking water, with a few exceptions in Henrico County.
- Site Responsibility
- Cleanup of this site is being addressed by an EPA Superfund Removal Action.
- NPL Listing History
- This Site is not on the National Priorities List.
Threats and Contaminants
Extremely high levels of lead contamination existed in both on-site and off-site residential soils; and significant levels of lead were found inside homes near the site. Furthermore, the plant had been abandoned, was in poor structural condition, was uncontrolled and posed both physical and lead hazards to the public. The lead levels (up to 194,000 ppm) detected in the surface soils at the Site posed an imminent and substantial threat to human health.
The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality performed the first preliminary assessment of this site in 1985, while some cleanup was underway by Hyman-Viener. In 1988, both RCRA and Superfund investigators inspected the site for EPA and VADEQ. In 1993, the Superfund Removal Program assessed the facility and the surrounding area and began a Superfund Removal Action. From 1994 to 1996, the EPA Removal Program performed interior dust and exterior soil cleanups at 110 residential properties near the site which included some temporary relocations.
EPA dismantled the Site warehouse in 1997 and excavated lead contaminated soils from a three acre portion of the Site. EPA entered into an Interagency Agreement (IAG) with the Army Corps of Engineers for the design and construction of a cap for another portion of the site which had been previously used as a landfill for lead slag and debris. Because some areas of this fill were contaminated with lead as much as 30% pure, it was determined that a cap was the most cost- effective remedy.
In conjunction with the Army Corps of Engineers and EPA's Research and Development Program, EPA also designed and built a constructed wetland which involved the planting of natural materials that would absorb lead from site runoff. This planting was done in low-lying areas of the Site, which were contaminated but which could not be excavated without further damage to the environment.