Superfund Contracting and Subcontracting
On October 17, 1986, the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA) was enacted, SARA continues the program, launched in 1980 by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), commonly known as "Superfund," to clean up hazardous waste sites that threaten human health or the environment. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the primary responsibility for managing cleanup and enforcement activities under Superfund.
The passage of SARA:
- Reauthorized CERCLA for 5 years. A three-year extension to SARA was signed on November 7, 1990, and authorized CERCLA until 1994.
- Strengthened and expanded the cleanup program.
- Increased the size of the Hazardous Substance Response Trust Fund, CERCLA authorized $1.6 billion for cleanup during the first 5 years. SARA provides for $8.5 billion during the second 5 years.
- Established a new Trust Fund to clean up leaking underground petroleum storage tanks.
Under Section 104 of CERCLA, EPA can act "whenever (a) any hazardous substance is released or there is a substantial threat of such a release into the environment, or (b) there is a release or substantial threat of release into the environment of any pollutant or contaminant that may present an imminent and substantial danger to the public health or welfare." CERCLA broadly defines two types of responses:
- Short-term removal actions involving spills or other emergencies requiring immediate response.
- Longer-term remedial responses aimed at providing more permanent solutions to problems at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.
EPA's Office of Emergency and Remedial Response (OERR) places a high priority on full implementation of the Superfund program. The task is challenging, requiring a working relationship between the federal government and the states, as well as a system of accountability to industry and the American taxpayer for the efficient and effective management of the two trust funds. The private sector has a key role to play in the implementation of CERCLA because much of the work will be performed by private contractors.
Long-Term Contracting Strategy for Superfund
EPA has developed a Long-Term Contracting Strategy for the Superfund program. The Agency's objectives in developing the strategy were to analyze the long-term contracting needs of the program, and to design a portfolio of Superfund contracts to meet those needs over the next ten years. This strategic planning effort was recommended by the 1989 Agency report, "A Management Review of the Superfund Program".
The issues, analysis, and decisions contained in the strategy are the products of an Agency-wide task force comprising representatives from the ten regions, the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER), the Office of Administration and Resources Management, and the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. The task force developed several contracting options, analyzed them, and selected elements of the options that best served each of the Superfund program functions.
The Long-Term Contracting Strategy for Superfund is built on several key principles. First, the strategy supports an integrated "One Program" approach to enforcement and site cleanup. Second, the strategy enhances the competitive environment by reducing the size of contracts and creating more opportunities for small and disadvantaged businesses. Third, the strategy provides mechanisms for greater flexibility and improved oversight and cost management by giving the regions full responsibility for contracts management.
This strategy is intended to be a road map for the next decade of Superfund contracting. We will continue to evaluate the strategy in light of changes that may occur in the program. Copies of the Long-Term Contracting Strategy for Superfund are available from:
Superfund Docket and Information Center
1235 Jefferson Davis Highway
MC-5202G, Suite 105
Crystal Gateway One
Arlington, VA 22202
Current Procurement Opportunities Under Superfund
Subcontracting opportunities are available under several current Superfund contracts. The contracts fall into five basic categories:
- Removal Action
- Contracts to provide EPA regional offices with (1) technical and management assistance for the removal action program financed by the Hazardous Substance Response Trust Fund, the corrective action program financed by the Underground Storage Tank (UST) Trust Fund, and the oil spill prevention program under the Clean Water Act and (2) cleanup personnel, equipment, and materials for the removal program and corrective actions financed by the UST Trust Fund.
- Remedial Response
- Contracts to provide EPA regional offices with technical assistance and resources for cleanup activities, support of enforcement actions, and community relations activities.
- Support Services
- Contracts to provide special technical support services to EPA regional and Headquarters personnel. Contracts cover safety and technical training , demonstration of new or novel technology, laboratory analysis and sample control, quality assurance, aerial survey and mapping, and remote sensing.
- Enforcement Support Services
- Contracts to provide technical support to EPA Headquarters and regional personnel to enforcement CERCLA and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
- Policy, Program Management and Administrative Services
- Headquarters contracts to support formulation of Superfund policy and implementation, as well as contracts for development and maintenance of automated data processing (ADP) systems and data handling services at Headquarters and regional offices.
Current Procurement Opportunities:
- Emergency and Rapid Response Services
- Site Assessment Technical Assistance Team
- Site Specific Contracts
- Alternative Remedial Contracting Strategy
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Engineering Design and Construction
- State Procurement Under Cooperative Agreements
- U.S. Bureau of Reclamation - Engineering and Construction
- Response Engineering and Analysis
- Contract Laboratory Program
- Environmental Services Assistance Teams
- Aerial Survey and Mapping Support
- Hazardous Materials Incident Response Training
- Quality Assurance Technical Support to the Contract Laboratory Program
- Delivery of Analytical Services
Policy, Program Managment, and Administrative Services:
- Technical Support for Superfund Policy Formulation
- Support of Superfund Implementation and Evaluation
- Policy/Analytical Support for Superfund Implementation
- Analytical, Technical, and Management Services for OSWER
- OSWER Dedicated Training Support
- RCRA/Superfund Industry Assistance Hotline
Enforcement Support Services