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Basic Information about Agriculture

Of the 76.5 million acres of land located within the Mid-Atlantic Region, 22 million acres or 28.7% of the land is primarily used for agricultural purposes.  The average farm size ranges between 122 acres and 234 acres.  Agricultural land use varies by state.
  Data was gathered from the US Department of Agriculture for the year 2007

  • Delaware encompasses 1.3 million acres, with 0.6 million acres or 40% used for agriculture. 
  • Maryland covers a total area of 6.2 million acres, with 2.0 million or 32.3% used for agriculture. 
  • Pennsylvania covers a total area of 28.7 million acres, with 7.7 million acres or 26.8% used for agriculture. 
  • The Commonwealth of Virginia encompasses 24.9 million acres, with 8.5 million acres or 34% used for agriculture. 
  • West Virginia covers a total area of 15.4 million acres, with 3.6 million acres or 23.4% used for agriculture.

Overview of Agriculture Commodities in the Mid-Atlantic


The top five agricultural commodities in the United States in 2007 were cattle and calves, dairy products, broilers, corn, and soybeans.  Of these five commodities, Pennsylvania ranked in the top 5 with over 10.7 million poundsin dairy production. All Region 3 states, except for West Virginia, ranked in the top 15 with over 9.9 million broilers total or 11% of the national total. 

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Courtesy of USDA

Across EPA Region 3, the agricultural industry varies.  Delaware and Maryland are known for their broiler populations, Pennsylvania is known for its dairy production, Virginia has a diverse agricultural industry, and poultry operations are increasing in West Virginia.

 

 

 

 

 

The Top Five commodities in each Mid-Atlantic state and their cash receipts
Commodities and Cash Receipts (in millions)
State
Greenhouse Nursery
Delaware
735
396
31
22
--
--
--
15
Maryland
732
256
94
208
--
65
--
--
Pennsylvania
--
402
--
2,219
407
472
--
25
Virginia
559
248
--
372
--
430
299
--
West Virginia
160
--
--
39
--
115
41
33

 

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