Financial Assistance for Water Infrastructure
Currently, EPA awards funding through the State Revolving Fund to the states. (There are two programs: the Clean Water State Revolving Fund and the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund.) The states then make loans to communities at interest rates that are below the market rate. When accepting Federal SRF grants, states must provide 20% matching funds. As payments are made on loans, funds are recycled to fund other projects.
Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) - In the 1987 amendments to the Clean Water Act (CWA) Congress established the Clean Water State Revolving Fund program through which EPA shifted the method of municipal financial assistance from grants to loans. The District of Columbia received an exemption from establishing an SRF and receives its share of available funding as direct grants for facility construction. The Clean Water State Revolving Fund also provided additional flexibility for the funding of other water quality projects related to abatement of nonpoint source pollution and implementation of estuary plans.
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) - After demonstrating success through the implementation of the Clean Water SRF program, Congress authorized a similar program for drinking water facilities as part of the 1996 SDWA Amendments. Prior to establishment of the Drinking Water SRF program, EPA had not provided financial assistance for the construction of drinking water infrastructure.
Special Appropriation Act Projects (SAAP) - Recognizing the special needs of certain communities, Congress may include directed funding as part of EPA's annual appropriation. If your community has been identified for such grant assistance, additional information on submitting your financial assistance application is available at Grants & Funding in the Mid-Atlantic States.