Akzo Nobel Chemicals, Inc.
On This Page
EPA Project Manager
Ms Barbara Smith
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region III
1650 Arch Street
Mail code: 3LC20
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Delaware DNREC Project Contact
Air & Waste Management Branch
Delaware Dept of Natural Resources & Environmental Control
89 Kings Highway
Dover, DE 19901
Phone: (302) 739-5060
- To address the potential risks posed by elevated levels of chromium hexavalent, nickel, and tetrachloroethylene (PCE) in white resinous material in the soil of the Barren, Capped Landfill, and adjacent low-lying areas, engineered caps were constructed as interim measures in 2007.
- Concentration of PCE and trichloroethylene (TCE) exceeding Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) were detected in the groundwater beneath the eastern side of the Carbon Disulfide (CS2) manufacturing plant. The Corrective Measures Study (CMS) summaries the remediation alternatives proposed for remediating the contaminants in the groundwater and soil at the Akzo site. In February 2012 (revised September and November 2012), Akzo submitted an In-situ Chemical Oxidation Treatability Study Work Plan for assessing operating parameters for the effectiveness in treating this on-site PCE/TCE plume. The in-situ chemical oxidation treatability study work plan Akzo began implementing the In-situ Chemical Oxidation Treatability Study Work Plan was approved on and implemented in July 2013 through January 2014. The findings of the In-situ Chemical Oxidation Treatability investigation will be incorporated in the revised CMS. EPA anticipates issuing the proposed remedy decision document for the site in 2014, upon final approval of the CMS.
The Akzo Nobel Chemicals, Inc. (Akzo) site is located in Delaware City, Delaware, 2.5 miles northwest of Delaware City in New Castle County Delaware. The property is bordered on the west by Route 14, on the north by the Conrail Railroad tracks, on the east by Schoolhouse Road, and on the south by Formosa Plastics, American Mirrex and Route 72 Wrangle Hill Road. The Akzo site consists of a decommissioned Carbon Disulfide manufacturing plant (including closed-loop process units, wastewater treatment system, storage and loading areas and underground storage tanks for gasoline and an unknown substance, two land disposal areas; Barren Area and Capped Landfill, and two small wetland areas), situated on a 52 acre area; a 123 acre Agricultural Parcel; and a 16 acre undeveloped parcel. The plant generated carbon disulfide and sodium hydrosulfide. Sodium hydrosulfide and waste oil were the only documented hazardous waste constituents stored in the drum storage area. Off-specification sulfur and ceramic brick debris are the known materials disposed of in the Barren Area and the Capped Landfill under Akzo’s ownership.
- The plant was constructed and began operation in 1960 under the original ownership of the Stauffer Chemical Company (Stauffer). Akzo acquired the site from Stauffer on or about December 21, 1987 and continued to operate it until 1992, when the facility was dismantled and closed under the supervision of the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC).
- The contaminants that are present are elevated levels of chromium hexavalent, nickel, and tetrachloroethylene (PCE) in white resinous material in the soil of the Barren, Capped Landfill, and adjacent low-lying areas. Concentrations of PCE and trichloroethylene (TCE) exceeding Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) were detected in the groundwater beneath the eastern side of the Carbon Disulfide (CS2) manufacturing plant.
- To be determined
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [6pp, 23 KB, About PDF]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Groundwater Migration [12pp, 559 KB, About PDF]
- Documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
|Akzo Nobel Chemicals Inc|
Click on a thumbnail to enlarge the photo)
- In addition to the 52 acre plant site , there is a 123 acres agricultural parcel , and a 16 acre undeveloped parcel of land.
- The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact EPA Project Manager: Ms Barbara Smith(215) 814-5786.