US Steel - Fairless Works
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EPA Project Manager
Ms. Linda Matyskiela
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region III
1650 Arch Street
Mail code: 3LC30
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
Phone: (215) 814-3420
RCRA Corrective Action activities at the US Steel - Fairless Works facility are being conducted as a joint lead by EPA and PADEP’s Land Recycling Program (Act 2). The investigation and any necessary clean-up activities are being implemented in accordance with a federal Corrective Action Order and the Act 2 Program.
Environmental Investigation and clean-up are proceeding in concert with the redevelopment and sales of individual parcels of the property. Investigation and remediation, approved by both EPA and PADEP occurs before re-sale. As each of the parcels is sold, an environmental covenant is signed by the new and former owners, detailing the type of land-use and groundwater use controls appropriate for the parcel. This covenant runs with the land and binds each new owner to its restrictions.
Located on the west bank of the Delaware River, approximately 20 miles northeast of Philadelphia, PA, US Steel’s Fairless Works has been in operation since 1952. Fairless Works consists of approximately 2500 acres, on which were located a coke production plant, steel making operations, finishing and forging operations, a power house, and a chemical plant. The site is still home to a U.S. Steel finishing facility - the sheet and tin mill, but the rest of the operations closed down between 1982 and 1991. As part of the redevelopment of the site for future industrial use, demolition of the inactive facilities occurred between 1993 and 1995.
In 1993, EPA and US Steel entered into a Consent Order for clean-up of the Fairless Works site. The Consent Order incorporated the entire 2500-acre facility. The 68 areas identified for further investigation include former production and disposal areas. During construction of Fairless Works, numerous borrow pits were excavated to provide fill material to raise the main facility site above the elevation of the 100-year floodplain. Slag and other materials were deposited in these borrow pits over many years.
In 1998, the facility expressed interest in obtaining a release from liability which is available for remediation performed under the Pennsylvania Act 2 Land Recycling Program. The release from liability will aide in redevelopment of the property. The redevelopment plan is designed to revitalize the Levittown area, which experienced the loss of over 5000 jobs in the 1980s and 1990s. US Steel has converted over 450 acres of the uncontaminated areas to parcels for lease and sale. The 24 companies which have relocated to the site have brought in 1,800 new jobs. The US Steel property is within a “Keystone Opportunity Zone,” with tax incentives for industry located or re-locating there. They are marketing the parcels to heavy industry, as their location near interstate highways and the on-site deep water port on the Delaware River is conducive to industrial operations.
In order to expedite the clean-up and redevelopment of the site, EPA, PADEP and US Steel have formed a team to proceed with the environmental investigations. The team is first focusing its efforts on parcels of the property which have been identified for lease or sale.
In March 2004, EPA determined that the Human Health Exposures Under Control Environmental Indicator had been met. This Environmental Indicator evaluation took into account the soils investigation and the facility’s intention to restrict the future use of the land to industrial scenarios only, and the groundwater to non-potable uses. EPA is evaluating the EI for control of groundwater exposures.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [PDF, 6 pages, 25 KB, About PDF]
- PAD DEP Environmental Coventant - Deed Restictions [PDF, 30 pages, 779 KB, About PDF]
- Documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
|US Steel - Fairless Works||US Steel - Fairless Works Geospatial PDF Map [PDF, 1119 KB, 1 page, About PDF]|
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- The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact EPA Project Manager: Ms. Linda Matyskiela (215) 814-3420.