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EPA Project Manager
Mr. Griff Miller
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region III
1650 Arch Street
Mail code: 3LC30
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
Phone: (215) 814-3407
PADEP Project Manager
Mr. Jack Ashton
PADEP Northwest Regional Office
230 Chestnut Street
Meadville, PA 16335
Phone: (814) 332-6648
As of January 2013, four wells continue to show minimal amounts (0.15 feet or less in last four quarters of monitoring) of light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) on top of groundwater beneath the facility; further remedial options are being considered for these wells in order to meet corrective action objectives in the near future.
The permanent shutdown of the 19-well groundwater collection system was approved in September 2012. The system had been idled for almost two years, during which residual levels of LNAPL in a few wells on-site did not increase appreciably, suggesting that the collection system is no longer needed to maintain capture of remaining LNAPL. In addition, surface water samples from the south branch of Bear Creek were collected upstream, midstream, and downstream of the facility in July 2012. No contaminants were detected in these surface water samples, suggesting that the small amounts of contamination remaining in soil and groundwater beneath the facility are not impacting the creek.
EPA and PADEP conducted a site visit of the facility in August 2008 in order to assess operations and corrective actions ongoing at the facility. The Upper and Lower Waste Disposal Areas continue to be monitored via the groundwater monitoring system in each area. Leachate from the Upper Disposal Area is collected and treated with lime to neutralize acidity, put in a sludge drying bed, then hauled to a landfill.
The Calumet Penreco facility is an approximately 288-acre site in Fairview Township, Butler County, PA. It is located along the banks of the South Branch of Bear Creek. It is one of several oil refineries in the area.
This site was constructed in 1878 as a petroleum refinery which processed local Pennsylvania crude oil. The company was purchased by Pennzoil in 1972 who converted the facility to the production of white mineral oils, high purity kerosene-based solids, and rust preventatives. Currently, the facility converts feedstock to four product types: white oils or food grade mineral oils, petrolatum, kero-base products, and specialty products. Many products have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for food applications and uses in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Calumet Specialty Products acquired the facility in 2008.
Primary contaminants at the facility include benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and xylenes (BTEX). Concentrations of these contaminants in soil are relatively low, and due to their ease of biodegradability are not considered a threat to human health or the environment. Residual BTEX contamination remains in groundwater; however, significant exposures to groundwater beneath the facility are unlikely and surface water sampling has demonstrated that this residual contamination is not impacting the south branch of Bear Creek. Groundwater is not used in the vicinity of the facility.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [PDF, 8 pages, 152 KB, About ]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Groundwater Migration [PDF, 12 pages, 46 KB, About PDF]
- Documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
Click on a thumbnail to enlarge the photo)
Calumet Penreco continues to use the facility for the manufacture of white mineral oils, petrolatums, and other light petroleum-derived products.
The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact EPA Project Manager: Mr. Griff Miller (215) 814-3407.