Nevamar Co. LLC
(Formerly: International Paper - Masonite Corp.)
EPA Project Manager
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region 3
1650 Arch Street
Mail code: 3LC20
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
In January 2000, International Paper-Masonite facility in Waverly, VA, entered into a Facility Lead Agreement with EPA to investigate and remedy any releases of contaminants.
International Paper (IP) submitted an investigative work plan to EPA in May 2000. EPA approved the work plan in June 2000. Work plan tasks included surface and groundwater sampling; groundwater monitoring; and well installation to delineate site-related contamination. All tasks described in the work plan and amendments were completed by 2001. The extent of the contamination was defined at the former UST site in several studies during 2001 using geoprobes, cone penetrometers and vacuum recovery to test product recoverability.
The primary contaminants were identified: xylenes, MEK and fuel oil constituents (BTEX and PAHs). The investigation showed that only one area was found to be contaminated above regulatory limits and therefore require further remediation. This area had contained a former fuel oil #2 (diesel) UST. The 50,000 gallon UST (UST #5) was removed prior to the investigation. Floating oil (product) and dissolved phase petroleum product were found in groundwater collected from wells located in and around the former UST excavation. Pursuant to RCRA Subtitle I regulations, EPA required International Paper to recover product from the well on a periodic basis.
In November 2002, IP submitted the Investigation Report and Proposed Corrective Measures to EPA. IP proposed to continue hand bailing as the final remedy. EPA and VADEQ approved the RCRA Facility Lead Investigation and Proposed Corrective Measures report. The clean-up goal is to reach product thickness of 0.1 inch or less (sheen), or to the limits of recoverability, sustained over a year.
Since October 2002, about 921 gallons of product has been recovered. In the wells that exhibit product levels, the current product thickness ranges from 0.05 to 3.30 feet. Product recovery consisted of weekly hand bailing of product from the wells. In October 2009, IP installed more recovery wells and a skimmer was installed in one well. As a result 450 gallons of product was recovered at the end of one year. This represents 66.5 % of the total recovery to date. EPA expects completion of remediation within a year or two, and then one year of groundwater monitoring.
In 1966, IP purchased the plant from Gray Products Company. In July 2002, IP sold the facility to Nevamar Company, LLC. The Facility closed in 2003. In January 2005, Nevamar sold the Facility to Waverly Particle Board Company, LLC. In 2009, the Facility ceased operations and went into bankruptcy in 2010. The property is currently owned by Wood Fuel Developers, LLC. IP continues to conduct Corrective Action at the site with on-going groundwater remediation and monitoring.
The International Paper, Masonite Corporation Waverly plant manufactured different grades of particle board. IP purchased scrap wood and saw dust as a raw material for the production of pressed flake board. Scrap wood was screened to remove impurities, was ground to a fine powder and then dried. The fine powder was bonded together with urea formaldehyde resin to form particle board. The wood powder was also fed into the facility boiler plant as the principal fuel source for the facility. Previous vinyl laminating processes used xylenes and MEK as solvents. An aeration/settling basin was used to reduce suspended solids and BOD under a pre-treatment permit, water was discharged to a regional sewage treatment plant. Three former underground storage tank farms were removed under the supervision of VADEQ. The USTs were used for the storage of diesel, gasoline, xylenes and MEK.
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