Solutia Nitro Site
(Formerly: Flexsys, Solutia, Monsanto)
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EPA Project Manager
Mr. William Wentworth 3LC20
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 3
1650 Arch Street
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Tracy A. Jeffries
Environmental Resources Specialist
Division of Land Restoration
Office of Environmental Remediation
601 57th Street, Room 1072
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: 304-926-0499 X 1262
As described in more detail below, the past several years have been busy at the Flexsys/Solutia facility in Nitro, West Virginia.
In March 2002, an inspector from West Virginia’s Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) Hazardous Waste group discovered a waste material on the riverbank of the Kanawha River while doing riverbank inspections. A shallow slide near the toe of the riverbank exposed a thin lens of discolored material that was intermingled with a black tar-like residue. The new release was located outside the fenced limits of the production facility, which required an expedited containment and remediation plan. Solutia addressed the new release under the existing RCRA Corrective Action permit, with oversight of both EPA and WVDEP, by installing a containment structure in the Kanawha River to prevent migration of contaminants during removal, completing test pits to determine the extent of the material on the bank, and excavating the contaminated material from the area.
Representatives from EPA, WVDEP and Solutia met in August 2002 to discuss the status of the corrective action activities and the planned future investigations at the Nitro facility. During the meeting, Solutia committed to perform work to meet the Environmental Indicators, namely controlling current human exposures and the migration of contaminated groundwater, at the facility by 2005. Subsequently, in late 2002, Solutia completed a supplemental sediment and surface water field sampling event to provide coverage along the entire facility riverbank. Work completed in 2003 included performing a site-wide groundwater collection event using Geoprobe direct push technology, as well as collecting soil and groundwater samples from the Past Disposal Area (a former waste disposal location). The results of the site-wide groundwater investigation were submitted in a December 2003 report. The results of the Past Disposal Area investigation were submitted in June 2004. Solutia has prepared an RFI work plan to address additional site characterization. EPA is presently reviewing the work plan. Construction elements of the Interim Measures Work Plan for Soils Stabilization have been completed.
Solutia completed the installation of 34 monitoring wells in March of 2005 as part of the Expanded RCRA Facility Investigation (ERFI). The TCE groundwater pumping and the oxygen injection system operations have been decommissioned so that groundwater in the area affected by these systems can be accurately evaluated. Groundwater sampling for the ERFI began during April 2005 and is still in progress.
Solutia has indicated that on-site remediation activities should continue according to schedule. Demolition of the process area began in June 2004 and was completed in June 2005. The transition of the facility from Flexsys to Solutia was completed in November 2005. Solutia is presently evaluating the surface water management program for the facility. Solutia completed additional sampling during 2006 to better characterize the site. An Expanded RCRA Facility Investigation Report (ERFI) was submitted to EPA in February 2007. Solutia responded to comments from EPA/WVDEP on the ERFI and the report was finalized in April 2008. Based on comments regarding the ERFI, Solutia installed additional groundwater monitoring wells and collected additional groundwater samples. Solutia submitted a draft Interim Measures Work Plan in November 2009 that EPA and WVDEP reviewed and approved. Solutia has recently completed the construction of barrier walls for specific areas on the site property and is currently capping other areas of the property. This work is being completed as a major component of the Interim Measures Work.
The Solutia Inc. Nitro Plant is located on the east bank of the Kanawha River, approximately one-half mile north of the City of Nitro in Putnam County, West Virginia in a heavily industrialized region. The site encompasses approximately 116 acres. Production areas, warehouse buildings, parking, or open storage had covered about 60 percent of the site. The facility is bordered to the east and northeast by commercial properties on State Route 25, to the south by industrial property, to the west and northwest by the Kanawha River, and Interstate Highway 64 divides the facility.
From 1918 to 1921, the site manufactured explosives including “nitro-powder”to support World War I. When the explosives facility closed, the site was purchased and used for a variety of industries. In 1929, Monsanto acquired a portion of the facility that was owned by the Rubber Services Company, which manufactured chloride, phosphate, and phenol compounds. Operation and management of the site were transferred to Flexsys America, LP, a limited partnership, in 1995 and, by 1997, Monsanto spun off its interest in the Nitro facility to Solutia Inc., and later operations ceased. The total facility has been demolished and is mostly gravel covered
The main contaminants in the groundwater include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs). However, groundwater in the vicinity of the plant is not currently used as a drinking water source.
The Solutia site borders the Kanawha River in an industrial development with several other facilities. The nearest community is located within one mile of the facility.
Presently, a perimeter fence encloses the site and prevents public access.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [PDF, 16 pages, 173 KB, About PDF]
- All documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
West Viriginia Dept of Enviromental Protection
Division of Waste Management
601 57th Street, SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division - RCRA
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
|Solutia Nitro Site|
Click on a thumbnail to enlarge the photo)
- The site had unused and continued use parcels.
- The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact the EPA Project Manager: William Wentworth (215) 814-3184.