Information for Households, Businesses, Organizations and Government Agencies
Electronics Recycling Questions and Answers
- General Information About Electronics
- How to Reuse or Recycle
- How to Buy Green Electronics
- Information for Households, Businesses, Organizations, and Government Agencies
- Information About Electronics Recyclers
- Where Can I Recycle My Old Electronics?
- Information About Electronics Retailers and Manufacturers
- Information for Recyclers
- State Requirements for Electronics Retailers and Recyclers
- Information About the Digital Conversion for Televisions
- Listen to an excellent EPA podcast about cell phone recycling
Do federal or state hazardous waste laws apply to me?
While federal and state hazardous waste laws do not apply to households, we strongly encourage all citizens to reuse, donate, or recycle their unwanted electronics.
Visit these pages for more information on how to:
BUSINESSES, INSTITUTIONS, NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, STATE GOVERNMENT OFFICES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICES
Do Federal Laws apply to me?
If your business or organization discards less than 100 kilograms (about 220 pounds) per month of hazardous waste (including used CRTs), it is NOT regulated under most federal hazardous waste requirements. However, these wastes must still go to a facility authorized to receive solid waste.
If your business or organization generates more than 100 kilograms (about 220 pounds) per month of hazardous waste, it is regulated under federal law when the waste is disposed. CRTs from such facilities sent for disposal must be manifested and sent as “hazardous waste” to a permitted hazardous waste landfill.
If you send CRTs and other electronics for recycling, you must follow streamlined Federal requirements that make it easier and less costly to recycle CRTs. These streamlined Federal requirements are called the Cathode Ray Tube Rule. EPA finalized the Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Rule on January 27, 2007.
Some states in the U.S. consider CRTs destined for disposal as Universal Waste, which have less stringent hazardous waste management requirements.
Do State Regulations Apply to me?
If you generate electronic waste for disposal and it is not from a household, the waste may be hazardous and you must make a determination whether or not the waste you generate is hazardous. Your business or organization may be exposed to future liability if the electronic waste is not disposed of properly as a hazardous waste.
If you recycle the electronic waste, many states do not view electronics for recycling as hazardous waste.
We encourage businesses, organizations and other generators to recycle or reuse waste electronics to avoid the regulatory burden of disposing of a hazardous waste. Proper recycling and reuse relieve businesses and other organizations that possess large amounts of electronics of the need to dispose of these electronic items as hazardous waste.
District of Columbia
The District of Columbia does not have specific regulations pertaining to the disposal of electronic equipment.
- Maryland Hazardous Waste Program
- Maryland’s eCycling Program
- Maryland regulations on hazardous and non-hazardous waste - Title 26, Subtitle 13 of the Code of Maryland Regulations (COMAR 26.13)
- Virginia Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Law
- Electronics Waste (e-waste) Management
- Virginia Legislature's Joint Resolution on e-Cycling