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Congressional District # 13


EPA ID# OHD980510002
Last Updated: May, 2015

Site Description

The Ford Road Industrial Landfill is a 15-acre inactive facility located on the northern edge of Elyria, Ohio, approximately 1.5 miles from interchange 8 of the Ohio Turnpike, Interstate 90. The site is bordered by an intermittent stream and sewer main covered with riprap to the north, a ravine and rural land to the south, the Black River to the east, and a new housing development along Ford Road and the Black River Preserve to the west. The landfill was originally a ravine that was filled in with waste material beginning in the early 1900s. Brotherton Disposal Company, Brotherton Disposal, Inc., and Browning-Ferris Industries of Ohio operated a landfill at the site for various periods in the 1960s and early 1970s. The current owner of the site is the Lorain County Metropolitan Parks District. The landfill accepted municipal and various industrial wastes in drums and in bulk, including, but not limited to, 700 tons of hazardous material, 3.3 million pounds of chemical wastes, and 32,000 gallons of sludge per day from 1963 to 1970. Some of the wastes were burned onsite. Foundry sand, slag, and dried sludges were used for cover material. In 1993, Browning-Ferris Industries implemented a voluntary response action involving the addition and regrading of cover soil to intercept and contain an observed leachate seep at the site.

The Ford Road Landfill is being addressed using the Superfund Alternative approach. The site is not listed on the National Priorities List.

Site Responsibility

The site is being addressed through potentially responsible parties' (PRPs') actions, with oversight by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Threats and Contaminants

Based on testing conducted during the Remedial Investigation, the main contaminants of concern at the site are the following:

• For soil and sediment – polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and metals.

• For surface water – one semi-volatile organic compound or SVOC (bis[2-ethylhexyl]phthalate) and five metals (aluminum, antimony, arsenic, iron, and thallium).

• For groundwater – two volatile organic compounds or VOCs (benzene and vinyl chloride), one SVOC (bis[2-ethylhexyl]phthalate), PCBs, and several metals.

• For leachate – two VOCs (benzene and chloroform), one SVOC (bis[2-ethylhexyl]phthalate), three pesticides (beta-BHC, dieldrin, and heptachlor), and several metals.

Cleanup Progress

The PRP Group for the Ford Road Site signed an Administrative Order of Consent (AOC) in 2001 to complete a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS). On September 27, 2006, EPA issued a Record of Decision selecting the final remedy for the site. The selected remedy, estimated to cost approximately $3.4 million, is comprised of two main phases: (I) select removal of specifically identified areas outside the landfill limits, and (II) in-situ containment with surface cover enhancements. Specifically, the remedy includes the following components:

• removal of selected soil/sediment (estimated at 6,400 cubic yards) outside the landfill limits along the edge of the Black River at the northeast corner of the site, and off-site disposal of the materials;

• focused removal of waste on the side slopes of the landfill, with either off-site disposal of the materials or consolidation of the materials within the landfill;

• stabilization of the landfill side slopes;

• enhancement of the existing surface cover over the landfill, including grading to improve surface water control and the placement of additional low-permeability materials to meet the minimum 2-foot cover depth requirement; and

• long-term monitoring and institutional controls.

The presence of a continuous 2-foot cover over the entire landfill is meant to significantly reduce potential exposure to the contamination as well as the migration of contaminants by reducing the volume of precipitation that infiltrates through the landfill.

EPA began negotiating with the PRP Group in August 2007 for the design and implementation of the selected remedy. A Consent Decree was signed in December 2008 and became effective in February 2009. EPA approved the PRP Group's Remedial Design in April 2011 and then approved the Remedial Action Work Plan in August 2011.

Phase I of the cleanup project occurred in the fall of 2011 and involved the excavation of the hot spot area in the northeastern corner of the landfill. Contaminated soil was excavated from two small areas, and the areas were then backfilled with clean soil. Riprap was placed at the edge of the Black River to help stabilize the area, and some small willow plantings were installed.

Phase II of the project began in June 2012. The landfill was stripped of all vegetation, regraded and appropriately capped. All cascaded waste material and contaminated soil was placed under the new cap. The construction work at the site was completed in late November 2012. EPA conducted a pre-final inspection at the site on December 4, 2012, followed by the issuance of a Preliminary Close Out (PCOR) on January 31, 2013, which documented the completion of construction activies at the site.

EPA approved the PRPs' Remedial Action Report on July 19, 2013. The site is now in the Operation and Maintenance (O&M) phase and will continue to be monitored and maintained according to the approved O&M Plan. The first O&M Report showed that no groundwater contamination is entering into the Black River.

Following the implementation of all required institutional controls, the site achieved the Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Reuse measure on April 30, 2015.

Community Involvement

EPA developed a Community Involvement Plan (CIP) when RI/FS activities began at the site in 2004. The CIP, AOC, Proposed Plan, and any news releases were also posted to the EPA Region 5 website at http://www.epa.gov/region5/sites/fordroad.

The Proposed Plan for the Ford Road Landfill was made available to the public for a 30-day public comment period in late June 2006, and EPA held a public meeting in Sheffield Village, Ohio, on July 26, 2006. All comments received during the public comment period were considered prior to selection of the final remedy for the site.

EPA mailed out a fact sheet to the surrounding community at the start up of the construction work in August 2011. EPA mailed out another fact sheet and held a public information session in May 2012 to update the public on Phase II of the cleanup project.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
demaree collier (collier.demaree@epa.gov)
(312) 886-0214



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