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Oil Planning and Response

National Information

Although most oil spills are accidental, they are common events. Spills can happen on land or in water, at any time of the day or night, and in any weather conditions.

Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Plans

Boom on the river

Photos from EPA's response to the Enbridge Oil Spill

August 2, 2010 - Containment boom (orange), absorbent boom (white) and absorbent tiles placed at the confluence of the Talmadge River and Kalamazoo River contains the oil and allows it to be absorbed and removed.

Preventing spills is the best way to protect our health and the environment from exposure to oil.

Owners or operators of oil storage facilities write and implement Spill Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Plans to help them prevent oil from being spilled from their facility.

Contact: Mick Hans (hans.mick@epa.gov) Chief, Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention or call 312-353-5050

Area-Regional Contingency Plan

However, spills do occur and we must be ready for them.

To improve our readiness, we've developed an Area-Regional Contingency Plan for the six states in Region 5. This plan identifies risks and resources for response and sets policies for Federal responders to follow for specialized techniques such as in chemical countermeasures situ burning of oil.

To best meet the needs of some of the unique places in Region 5, we've identified 20 Sub Areas and developed more specific response plans for them. These Sub Area Contingency Plans are developed with state and local governments and address localized issues such as response jurisdictions, response tactics on specific waterways and command structures.

Inland Sensitivity Atlases

Each part of the Region is mapped to identify environmentally and economically important areas. The Inland Sensitivity Atlases identify:

Contact: Sheila Calovich (calovich.sheila@epa.gov) at 312-353-1505

Facility Response Plans

National Information

Facility Response Plan (FRP) Rule

Facility Response Plan (Part 112) FAQs

For certain facilities, the owner or operator will need to prepare and implement Facility Response Plans (FRP) to aid in the response and preparedness of the facility in responding to a spill of oil from their facility. These plans must be consistent with the Area and Sub Area Plans mentioned above.

Where to submit Facility Response Plans

FRP Coordinator
U.S. EPA Region 5
77 W. Jackson Blvd. SE-5J
Chicago, IL 60604

How often must plans be resubmitted?

Each time there is a material change at an FRP facility, the facility must resubmit their plan for approval within 60 days. A material change is one that could affect the adequacy of the facility's response capabilities, such as the ability to respond to a worst-case discharge. Examples of material changes include:

In addition, the CWA section 311(j)(5)(C) requires that the FRP be consistent with the ACP; therefore, an owner/operator may have to resubmit the plan based on the information in the ACP (e.g., identification of sensitive environments in the Region). Revisions of names or phone numbers in the emergency notification list must be submitted to the Regional Administrator, but do not require approval.

Note that the owner/operator must submit only those portions that were revised to reflect the material change and not the entire response plan. The Regional Administrator will review the submitted informaiton for approval and notify owners/operators within a reasonable amount of time if the plan amendments are acceptable.

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