Local Navigation

CFC Phaseout and Motor Vehicle Air Conditioners:
What Technicians Need to Know

Section 609 Exit EPA disclaimer of the Clean Air Act gives EPA the authority to establish requirements to prevent the release of refrigerants during the servicing of motor vehicle air conditioners and to require the recycling of refrigerants. We have fact sheets/brochures to help one understand and comply with these requirements.

In the Spotlight...

Attention Technicians!

EPA Region 2 has received several phone calls from technicians who are finding contaminated refrigerants in their customers' vehicles.  The likely cause of this contamination is improper retrofits of motor vehicle air conditioners.  Thus, we encourage you to read the following two EPA Fact Sheets:


Links to Other Relevant Sites

Link to the CCAR-Greenlink website
Exit EPA disclaimer
Link to the Mobile Air Conditioning Society website
Mobile Air Conditioning Society
Exit EPA disclaimer
Link to Society of Automotive Engineers website
Society of Automotive Engineers
Exit EPA disclaimer
link to the International Automotive Technician's Network website
  International Automotive Technician's NetworkExit EPA disclaimer

Link to the Automotive Parts and Accessories Association website
Automotive Parts and Accessories Association
Exit EPA disclaimer


International Mobile Air Conditioning AssociationExit EPA disclaimer

EPA Requirements

Here you will an overview and copies of  the regulations under Section 609 of the Clean Air Act as well as brochures/ fact sheets to help you comply with these regulations.

Checklists For MVACs

Free PDF reader available Two checklists were developed to assist those involved in servicing and disposing of Motor Vehicle Air Conditioners determine their federal regulatory compliance status. If one voluntarily discloses any violations found through the use of this checklist to us, EPA may eliminate or substantially reduce the penalties associated with these violations under our Voluntary Self-Disclosure Policies. EPA, for instance, reduced the penalty assessed against the owner of Pete's Refrigeration by 75% when he voluntarily disclosed to EPA that he was using unapproved refrigerant during repairs to MVACs in his shop in West Virginia.

Enforcement Actions

If you are currently involved in an investigation, you may reduce your penalty by agreeing to perform a supplemental environmental project.

Alternative Refrigerants

In 1994, EPA established the Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Program to review alternatives to ozone-depleting substances like CFC-12 in regards to their ozone-depleting, global warming, flammability and toxicity characteristics. Under this program, EPA has determined that several refrigerants are acceptable for use as CFC-12 replacements in Motor Vehicle Air Conditioners, subject to certain use conditions.

Compliance Assistance Hotline:   (212) 637-4050

Small Appliances and White Goods | Industrial Process Refrigeration | Motor Vehicle Air Conditioners | The Science of Ozone Depletion | Commercial & Other Refrigeration & AC


Jump to main content.

Jump to main content.