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Region 2

Serving New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands and Eight Tribal Nations.

Construction and Renovation: Site Selection and Design

Desired Core Competencies

  • Understand environmental concerns related to facility site selection and design.
  • Understand how organization's environmental footprint impacts regional environmental quality.

Example Topics to Explore

  • Avoid development of inappropriate sites and reduce the environmental impact from the location of a building on a site.
  • Assess natural resource use within locale of the facility.
  • Conserve existing natural areas and restore damaged areas to provide habitat and promote biodiversity.
  • Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.
  • Ensure that new sites include a sediment and erosion control plan and a stormwater management plan (focus on minimizing impervious surfaces and incorporating low impact development (LID) stormwater management techniques such as bioretention, rain barrels, green roofs and green parking lots).
  • Reduce "heat islands" (i.e., thermal gradient differences between developed and undeveloped areas) by providing shaded areas, installing a "green roof," and/or underground parking.
  • Where feasible, select locations close to public transportation.
  • Include bicycle storage and changing rooms so that employees can commute to work via bicycle.
  • Use local design features, materials which respond to local climatic conditions.


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