RCRA Corrective Action
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) was enacted by Congress in 1976. RCRA's primary goals are to protect human health and the environment from the potential hazards of waste disposal, to conserve energy and natural resources, to reduce the amount of waste generated, and to ensure that wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner.
Congress amended RCRA in 1984 with the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) to require facilities that have treated, stored, or disposed of hazardous wastes (TSDs) to clean up environmental contaminants released into soil, ground water, surface water and air at their sites regardless of when the release occurred. Cleanup at TSD facilities is termed RCRA Corrective Action.
The Corrective Action Program requires RCRA TSD facilities to address the investigation and cleanup of these hazardous releases themselves, in accordance with state and federal requirements. There are 164 facilities in Region 2 on the 2008 Corrective Action Baseline and 334 facilities in Region 2 that are part of the 2020 Corrective Action Universe (see RCRA Cleanup Baseline and GPRA goals). The degree of investigation and subsequent corrective action necessary to protect human health and the environment varies significantly among facilities. Cleanup progress at these facilities is measured, in part, by interim cleanup milestones known as environmental indicators.