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Facet Enterprises, Inc.
Elmira, NY

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Mike Basile (716) 551-4410
basile.michael@epa.gov

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The Facet Enterprises, Inc. site in Elmira Heights, NY was added to the Superfund National Priorities List in 1983 due to contamination found in the soil and ground water. Facet Enterprises (now called Purolator Facet, Inc.) manufactured products such as bicycle parts, automobile engine components and small arms for the military. Disposal of waste materials on-site is known to have occurred since the 1940s through 1978. The 31-acre site contains numerous disposal areas, including eight dump sites and two open sludge disposal areas. Various types of waste were disposed of on the property, including cyanide salts, heavy metal sludge, spent solvents and various oils. Approximately 1,000 people live within a 1/4-mile radius of the site, and six schools are located within a mile of the site.

Heavy metals and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), a probable human carcinogen, have been detected in the soil. Trichloroethylene (TCE) and other volatile organic compounds have been identified in the ground water as well. The nearby wells, Sullivan Street public water supply wells, which supply drinking water for more than 10,000 people, were closed due to contamination by TCE. TCE can also produce emissions that rise through the soil and potentially affect indoor air quality, a phenomena known as vapor intrusion. EPA found elevated levels in some homes and has installed mitigation systems for residents.

Since cleanup of the site began, more than 23,500 tons of contaminated soil have been excavated and disposed of properly. Construction of the ground water remediation system was completed in September 1997. Groundwater contamination is addressed at Facet and Sullivan Street Wellfield by using air strippers to remove the contaminants from ground water. EPA is continuing to conduct investigations of toxic vapors that may be entering homes and buildings from contaminated ground water below the structures and is installing mitigation systems in the structures with elevated levels. Further cleanup strategies will be initiated as necessary.


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