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Ludlow Sand & Gravel
Paris, NY

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Fourth Five-Year Review Report [PDF 88 KB, 1 pp]

The Ludlow Sand & Gravel site in Paris, New York was added to the federal Superfund list in September 1983 and cleanup work was completed in 2007. In December 2013 the site was deleted from the Superfund list because the site no longer poses a threat to human health or the environment after a successful cleanup of soil and ground water.

The 18-acre site contains a landfill and a gravel pit. For more than 20 years, beginning in the early 1960’s, household and septic tank wastes were disposed of in the landfill. The landfill also received a variety of industrial waste including dyes, waste oil, metallurgical cooling oil and animal parts from a meat processing plant. The gravel pit was periodically used for the disposal of waste oil. The landfill continued to accept waste until it was shut down by court order in 1988. Portions of the property continue to be used for sand and gravel mining operations.

Site investigations conducted by the New York State Department of Conservation in 1982 found trace quantities of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the liquid seeping from the landfill. After the site was added to the Superfund list, additional contamination was found throughout the site. PCBs were detected in soil and wetland sediments. PCBs, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), heavy metals, and phenol were found in the underlying ground water. The ground water contamination is contained within the site boundaries. Residential wells and a nearby public drinking water supply well have been monitored for many years and have not been impacted.

In 1988, the EPA and NYSDEC finalized a cleanup plan that called for removing over 40,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil and approximately 15,000 cubic yards of sediment from the gravel pit and nearby wetlands. Once removed, the PCB-contaminated soil was placed in the landfill, a drainage system was installed to remove water and a cap was placed over the landfill to prevent rain water from coming into contact with the buried materials. The water collected from the landfill is being treated using a system built on the site.

A decision on the cleanup of the gravel pit, ground water and wetlands was finalized in 2003. The deeper PCB-contaminated soil in the gravel pit were treated using a technology that solidifies the soil, locking the PCBs in place to prevent the contamination from moving into the surrounding soil and ground water. After solidification of the contaminated soil, the gravel pit was filled with clean soil to restore it to its original elevation and a cover was planted with vegetation. Two deep wells were also installed to monitor the ground water. The cleanup work was completed in September 2007.
Although the Ludlow Sand and Gravel site was deleted from the National Priorities List in December 2013, five-year reviews will continue as needed. Under Superfund, five-year reviews are conducted to ensure that the cleanup continues to be protective of human health and the environment. The fourth five-year review for the Ludlow Sand and Gravel site was completed in September 2014.


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