Lincklaen, New York
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Larisa Romanowski - (518) 407-0400
The Solvent Savers Superfund site covers 13 acres in the Town of Lincklaen. Industrial solvents and other wastes were brought to Solvent Savers Inc., a chemical waste recovery facility, for reprocessing or disposal from about 1967 to 1974. Operations included distillation to recover solvents for reuse, drum reconditioning, and burial of liquids, solids, sludges, and drums in several on-site areas. The quantities and types of wastes disposed at the site and their locations are not fully known. The closest residence is located approximately 1,250 feet south of the site. Public water supplies do not exist in the general area; therefore, the residents rely on private wells. The Town of Lincklaen has a population of approximately 500 people. Fifteen dairy farms are located in the town. Pastures for dairy cows are located two miles from the site along a portion of Mud Creek, which is downstream of the site. Mud Creek is classified as a trout stream by the state and is used for recreational activities and livestock watering. In addition, alfalfa, corn and other crops for human and livestock consumption are grown in the area.
The ground water, surface water, sediments, and soil are contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which include, primarily, tetrachloroethene, trichloroethylene, and 1,1,1-trichloroethane. The soil and ground water contain inorganics, including arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, and lead. The soil is also contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
Based on environmental findings by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and a subsequent investigation by the EPA, the site was placed on the National Priorities List of uncontrolled hazardous waste sites in 1983. EPA took short-term cleanup actions to address immediate risks posed by the site and developed a detailed plan for the more complex long-term cleanup of the site.
Once the immediate risks were addressed, in-situ vapor extraction, which involves drawing air through a series of wells, was used at the site to remove the VOCs from soil and reduce the volume of soil requiring cleanup. The remaining VOCs were located in two hot spot areas that were predominantly mixed with PCBs.
The cleanup of contaminated soil began in September 2012 and was completed in late August 2014. The EPA oversaw the soil cleanup work, which was performed in two phases. The soil that was contaminated with VOCs and PCBs was excavated and disposed of off-site at EPA-approved facilities. Excavated soil that had high levels of PCBs was stabilized by introducing an agent similar to cement to bind the contaminants before it was disposed of off-site. All excavated areas were backfilled with clean fill and re-planted with vegetation.
The design for the ground water cleanup is currently underway and is expected to begin in 2016.