Revere Smelting & Refining Corporation Of NJ
Other (Former) Names of Site: Eco-Bat NY, LLC- (Parent Company)
|EPA Identification Number:||NYD030485288|
|Facility Location:||65 Ballard Road, Middletown, New York 10941|
|Facility Contact:||Ron Bogart, (914) 692-4414|
|EPA Contact:||Alan Straus, (212) 637-4160, email@example.com|
|New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) Case Manager:||Paul Patel, P.E., RCRA Project Engineer, (518) 402-8594, firstname.lastname@example.org
Keith Gronwald, RCRA Project Geologist, (518) 402-8594, email@example.com
|Last Updated:||August 2010|
|Environmental Indicator Status:||Human Exposures Under Control [PDF 61.4 KB, 12
pp] has been verified.
Groundwater Contamination Under Control: No status has been recorded.
Revere Smelting and Refining Corporation of NJ (Revere) operates a secondary lead smelter at 65 Ballard Road in Middletown, New York. Revere currently is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eco-Bat NY, LLC. The previous owner was Revere Smelting and Refining Corporation. The facility is located in a rural area of southeastern New York and occupies a 55-acre parcel of land, approximately one third of which is used for plant operations. The remainder consists mainly of undeveloped property containing overgrown fields, mature woodlands, wetlands and a small pond.
Used batteries, which are a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste, are transported to the facility for storage and dismantling. Dismembered battery materials (still RCRA hazardous waste) along with other waste material containing lead from battery manufacturing, are stored in piles onsite in a RCRA-permitted containment building. All lead-bearing materials are sent to the onsite high temperature smelter for refining.
During the late 1970's and early 1980's, large quantities of fill material containing lead slag, battery parts and other waste was buried at this site. Part of this lead-contaminated fill area was first paved over with concrete and served as a storage area for used batteries, wastewater treatment units, and piles of secondary waste materials from the demolition of batteries. During battery dismemberment, acid leaked into the subsurface fill and surrounding soil, acidifying the underlying groundwater. The acid also served to leach lead from the fill into the groundwater.
Subsequently, a containment building was constructed over this concrete area, to house the piles of secondary waste materials and used batteries. The surface layer of soil extending beyond the fill areas was also contaminated with windblown lead particles from the open storage yard, and from smelter stack emissions. Contaminated fill material can be found to a depth of 20 feet below grade. Surficial contamination extends from a few inches to two feet below grade.
Site Responsibility and Legal Instruments
The New York State 6NYCRR Part 373 Hazardous Waste Management Permit
- the storage and management of hazardous waste in a container storage area and in a containment building; and
- the implementation of the final Corrective Measures.
The latter was addressed in a major permit modification and Statement of Basis.
There have also been several Orders on Consent with New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). The first two Orders, issued in 1997 and 1999, were between Revere Smelting and Refining Corporation and NYSDEC Division of Solid and Hazardous Materials. Soil and groundwater investigation activities at Revere were conducted by DER under an Order issued by NYSDEC’s Division of Environmental Remediation (DER) during the year 2000, which expired on December 31, 2006.
Two subsequent Orders have been negotiated between DER and Revere:
- an Order for investigating off-site media was signed on June 25, 2007, and
- an Order for conducting a feasibility study for on-site soil and groundwater, was signed on June 26, 2008.
The permit officially expired on July 28, 2005. The NYSDEC issued a formal intent on July 12, 2006, to deny the 6NYCRR Part 373 Hazardous Waste permit renewal, after five Notices of Incomplete Application and additional submittals and meetings with the Permittee.
The Permittee currently is working in conjunction with NYSDEC on the pan floor system, the closure plan, and financial assurance. The Permittee is allowed to continue to operate until a new permit is issued, as long as it continues to work sincerely with NYSDEC to resolve the outstanding issues.
Potential Threats and Contaminants
Lead was the primary contaminant detected in the soils, fill material, and groundwater. Other contaminants found at lower concentrations are cadmium, antimony, and arsenic.
Lead has been found in soils and fill at concentrations from 500 parts per million (ppm) to 200,000 ppm. The highest total lead concentrations have consistently been encountered in the deeper fill material, which exhibit a hazardous waste toxicity characteristic for lead. Groundwater samples collected in the fill area show the most significant heavy metals contamination. Also, the pH of some groundwater at the site is as low as 3 (very acidic).
Areas of contamination are not accessible to either workers or trespassers, as they are either underneath the buildings, covered with asphalt, or protected by fencing. At the area where the Corrective Measures excavation took place, a fence was installed around an open pit in the fall of 2004. Prior to the installation of the fence, both workers and trespassers had the potential to come in contact with highly contaminated soil, fill material, and groundwater.
The potential for off-site contamination of the soil or groundwater has not undergone a thorough investigation at this time. Groundwater monitoring continues at the site, but the installation of additional wells, necessary in order to investigate potential off-site migration of contaminated groundwater, has not yet been implemented.
Any further sampling and remediation of the contaminated soils fill, or groundwater will be implemented under an appropriate health and safety plan to protect construction personnel and facility workers.
Indoor air monitoring is not carried out routinely within the buildings located on site; however workers are required to use particulate filter masks. Such monitoring is conducted for off-site air emissions from the stack. During field investigations and all corrective action work, Revere is required to follow a Health and Safety plan that includes monitoring the air in the vicinity of the workers for lead dust.
Cleanup Approach and Progress
Revere is located in Orange County and is on a public water supply. Therefore, contaminated groundwater is not used for any purpose on or off-site. However, the State considers all its groundwater to be a potential source of potable water, and that it should be remediated to its Groundwater Quality Protection Standards. Groundwater elevations measured in the seventeen wells at the site indicate that the shallow groundwater consistently flows south-southeast.
The original corrective measures called for the soils removal and the construction of a slurry wall around the main plant to reduce the amount of groundwater flowing into the excavation site. The purpose of the slurry wall was to divert groundwater that would otherwise contact the highly leachable lead-contaminated soil under the plant building which is adjacent to the excavation area.
Revere cited financial difficulties and ceased implementation of Corrective Measures without New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) approval in the summer of 1999. Before construction stopped, soils remediation was progressing east and west of the plant, but had not yet begun to the south. An estimated 100,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil had been planned to be stabilized before removing it from the site, but to date, less than half of this soil has been treated and removed.
Groundwater monitoring continues at the site. In the summer of 2007, NYSDEC approved Revere’s work plan for a 2-phase groundwater extraction system. Operation of the Phase I groundwater extraction system began in September 2007. Implementation of the Phase II groundwater extraction system has been delayed pending completion of soil excavation in that area. As of August 2010, the soil had not been excavated.
Copies of supporting technical documents and correspondence cited in this site fact sheet are available for public review at:
Division of Solid and Hazardous Materials
Bureau of Solid Waste and Corrective Action
Albany, NY 12233-7255
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) makes its public records available for a review under the Freedom of Information Law (FOIL).