Lakes, Rivers and Streams
Freshwater Protection Geographic Initiatives
Several water resources throughout New York, New Jersey, and Puerto Rico have been identified as areas of concern, resulting in the initiation of special Geographic Initiative programs. As part of these Geographic Initiatives programs, extensive management plans and programs have been established to insure the preservation, protection and restoration of the environmental resources in these specific areas. The following waterbodies have been designated as part of this group:
Lake Hopatcong is the largest in-land waterbody in the state of New Jersey, and is located in the northern part of the state, on the border of Morris and Sussex counties. The most important environmental issue facing Lake Hopatcong at this time is the influx of nonpoint source pollution into the lake.
An 80 acre lake located in Newark, New Jersey, Weequahic Lake is located in Weequahic Park, the jewel of the Essex County Park System. Soil erosion and eutrophication are the major concerns for the lake. EPA has provided funding as well as technical support for the restoration of the lake and the park.
Great Lakes Initiatives
EPA is involved in many geographic initiatives to protect the Great Lakes. Several areas of concern in the Great Lakes are located in our region. EPA plays an important role in activities taking place in Lake Ontario, Lake Erie and their basins.
Rich in biological diversity, recreational activities, and cultural resources, Lake Champlain is an essential asset to its surrounding regions in New York, Vermont and Canada.
New York City Reservoir Watershed
The New York City Reservoir watershed covers an area of over 1,900 square miles in the Catskill Mountains and the Hudson River Valley. The reservoir systems in the watershed deliver approximately 1.4 billion gallons of water each day to nearly 9 million people in New York City, much of Westchester County, and areas of Orange, Putnam, and Ulster counties. Environmental concerns grow out of the impacts of development and sprawl.
Environmental contaminants of concern in the lake include nutrients, bacteria, and toxic substances.Various sources contribute to the contamination of Onondaga Lake and EPA has taken many actions in this area.
Otisco Lake is one of the Finger Lakes of central New York State. The major environmental issue facing Otisco Lake, and the other Finger Lakes, is nonpoint source pollution.
Owasco Lake is one of the Finger Lakes of central New York State. The major environmental issue facing Owasco Lake, and the other Finger Lakes, is nonpoint source pollution.
Skaneateles Lake is one of the Finger Lakes and provides drinking water to several municipalities in central New York State. The lake and its surroundings provide habitat for various wildlife. Nonpoint source pollution from agriculture, residential land use, and streambank erosion is the main environmental concern for the lake.
Barceloneta-Manatí Environmental Protection Project
This project focuses on the north-central coast of the main island of Puerto Rico and involves the development and implementation of Puerto Rico's first local wellhead protection program.
Mayagüez Watershed Initiative
The Mayagüez watershed is a coastal watershed, located on the western side of Puerto Rico. The primary focus of this initiative has been the development of a conservation and management plan for the Río Grande de Añasco watershed.
Other Links of Interest
American Heritage Rivers
The objectives of the American Heritage Rivers program are economic revitalization, natural resource protection, environmental protection, historic preservation, and cultural preservation. The Hudson River is one of the 14 designated American Heritage Rivers.
Delaware River Basin Commission
The Delaware River Basin Commission, which includes Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, was established to monitor the flow and water quality of the Delaware River.