Brownfield is a term applied to a property where its expansion, redevelopment, or reuse may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance. There are several types of brownfields depending on the kind and/or source of the contamination. A petroleum brownfield is a type of brownfield where the contaminant is petroleum.
Petroleum can contaminate ground water, which is the source of drinking water for many communities. Petroleum brownfields, such as old abandoned gas stations, can be and are being cleaned up and reused. The EPA Office of Underground Storage Tanks and the EPA Brownfields Program jointly focus attention and resources on the cleanup and reuse of petroleum-contaminated sites. The Brownfields Program awards Brownfields grants for the assessment and cleanup of petroleum brownfields.
Petroleum Brownfields News In Region 4
The Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Petroleum Brownfields Initiative
The enslaved people and their descendants preserved a coastal culture based on farming and fishing with, among other things, their unique language, history, cooking and crafts such as weaving sweetgrass baskets. This corridor is the largest multi-state heritage corridor and the only one of the 49 in the nation with African-American history and culture. The targeted communities are those along the 200 miles of four states from southeastern North Carolina through St. Augustine, Florida.
Groundbreaking for the Minnie L. Rogers Plaza and Retail Center
The Minnie Rogers site groundbreaking ceremony in which Brownfields funds were used to provide a Phase I Brownfields Assessment for the site. The Phase I report, conclulded that it was safe to build the future Save-A-Lot grocery store on the site where the Minnie Rogers Community Center was located. This property will serve as a much needed food dessert in the underserved community for access to healthy foods. The site will also provide retail space on the remainder of the site for local business and other entrepreneurs. The project is part of the U.S. Highway 41 Tamiami Trail Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Initiative.
Former Swifty-Serve Gas Station
Moss Point, Mississippi
The former Swifty-Serve gas station, which operated on Highway 613 in Moss Point, was abandoned prior to Hurricane Katrina. The City of Moss Point purchased the land to build the Pelican Landing Convention Center. The gas station and fuel dispensers were subsequently demolished and removed from the location, but three (3) 10,000 gallons underground storage tanks (USTs), the fuel dispenser island, and the product piping remained, leaving the small section in front of the convention center unusable and unsightly.
Mayor Xavier Bishop of the City of Moss Point requested assistance from MDEQ through its Targeted Brownfields Assessment Program to perform an environmental assessment of the site to aid the City in determining the best approach to deal with the property. (Adobe PDF Reader Required)
Former Swifty Serve Gas Station - Moss Point, MS (PDF, 1 pp, 80K)
Ferris Street Starbucks / Former Milam Building Green Cove Springs, Florida
ESI completed an Underground Storage Tank (UST) Closure and Assessment of three (3) unregistered 2,000-gallon diesel/gasoline USTs and performed Interim Remedial Action (IRA) activities at the Ferris Street Starbucks and former gas station located at 324 Ferris Street, in the City of Green Cove Springs, Clay County, Florida. Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA), Phase II ESA, and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey activities were initially completed at the property.
Former Milam Building, Green Cove Springs, FL (PDF, 1 pp, 60K)
Tamiami Trail (U.S. Highway 41) Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Initiative
The Tamiami Trail (U.S. Highway 41) Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Initiative is designed to remove the environmental component of that investment risk. This Initiative is intended to further local economic development projects by enhancing technical assistance, environmental assessment and cleanup services for USTs. The outcome will be to reuse properties, making for a more vibrant and attractive community.
The targeted communities are those along the Tamiami Trail Scenic Highway route, which extends almost 70 miles within Manatee and Sarasota Counties. This corridor includes the cities of Palmetto, Bradenton, Sarasota, Venice and North Port.
A Collaborative Partnership for Economic Growth (PDF, 2 pp, 238K)
EPA's Brownfields Program empowers states, communities, and other stakeholders to work together to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield site is real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. In 2002, the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act was passed to help states and communities around the country cleanup and revitalize brownfields sites. Under this law, EPA provides financial assistance to eligible applicants through four competitive grant programs: assessment grants, revolving loan fund grants, cleanup grants, and job training grants. Additionally, funding support is provided to state and tribal response programs through a separate mechanism.
Tamiami Trail, Newtown, Florida, Baker's Site Tank Removal
The removal of the Baker’s Station UST works in conjunction with the various redevelopment projects that are taking place throughout Newtown-North Sarasota. Funding for the project was provided by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Petroleum Revitalization Initiative and the Targeted Brownfield Assessment Fund in which roughly $80,000 will be utilized toward the Baker Super Service site.
Previously a BP Gas Station, the Baker’s Super Station was established in 1956 by Mr. and Mrs. Carlton and Inez Baker, parents of Jeraline and Diane. Their goal was to provide customers with a viable full-service station that also included a carwash, retail and automotive and tires services. The gas pumps have not been used for fueling since 1999 and the owners’ new plan for the property is to transform it into a community health facility that caters to the wellness needs of low-income families. “We want to take this business to another level and give back to the community, as my father originally desired, “ says Baker-Graham.
Petroleum Inventory Site Prioritization—Focus on Manatee, Sarasota Counties, Florida/Tamiami Trail, US Highway 41
The Tamiami Trail (U.S. Highway 41) Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Initiative is intended to advance local economic development and greenspace projects, and support historic preservation efforts along the 70 miles of scenic Highway 41. The corridor includes the cities of Bradenton, North Port, Palmetto, Sarasota, and Venice. EPA Region 4 and the Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection are working with other federal, state and local partners to provide technical assistance to communities in Manatee and Sarasota County, Fla. with the goal of revitalization of abandoned or underutilized properties, primarily former gas stations, that may be contaminated with petroleum and related contaminants.
Selma To Montgomery National Historic Trail
The Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Initiative is a forum for public and private parties to organize their coordination, resource leveraging, and planning efforts to assess, clean up, and reuse petroleum sites along an historic corridor. The Initiative will raise visibility for ongoing brownfields revitalization efforts underway in Alabama and across the Nation.
Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Initiative
The targeted corridor runs for 54 miles along U.S. 80 from Selma through Benton and Mt. Sinai to Montgomery. By focusing attention on a targeted corridor we hope to identify and expand practices that will help other stakeholders grasp a better understanding of opportunities associated with the revitalization of petroleum brownfield sites. Lessons learned here and across the state will be compiled and shared with many others nationwide.
A Collaborative Partnership To Enhance Community And Economic Growth (PDF, 2 pp, 70K)
The Preservation and Reuse of Historic Gas Stations
Unless your tank is empty, gasoline stations rarely attract attention. Yet, for the past hundred years gas stations have occupied prime locations on main streets and suburban corners, on small town roads, and along early highways. They are one of America's most common commercial building types and are emblematic of the twentieth century. Surviving historic stations are physical reminders of the transportation revolution and the influence of increased mobility on the landscape. They are a reflection of car culture, pop culture, corporate standardization, and an era of customer service that today seems quaint.
The Preservation and Reuse of Historic Gas Stations PDF, (16 pp, 2.66MB)
- EPA Petroleum Brownfields Revitalization Action Plan
- EPA's Petroleum Brownfields Action Plan: Two Years Later
- Success Stories, Lessons Learned, Best Practices
- Opportunities For Small Businesses
- Tamiami Trial - Phase I Petroleum Brownfields Reuse Assessment Site
- Smart Growth of America March 2012 entitiled From Vacancy to Vibrancy
A guide to developing underground storage tank sites through area-wide planning.
- The Arizona Route 66 Petroleum Brownfields Partnership
- SCDHEC Coordination on Former USTFields Sites-Greasy Corners
- Improving Public Health in Brownfields Communities
National Office of Underground Storage Tanks (OUST) 2012 National Conference Petroleum Brownfields Presentations: