Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD980602288
Location: Davie, Broward County, FL
Lat/Long: 26.069600, -080.342600
Congressional District: 20
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83; Deleted: 08/21/06
Affected Media: Ground water, Sludge, Soil
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Ground water Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In recreational reuse – a regional park is located on site
Site Manager: Bill Denman (email@example.com)
Current Site Status
The Davie Landfill site includes the area where Broward County operated a waste management facility from 1964 until 1987. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water, sludge and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and Broward County, the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 2006. EPA does not anticipate additional work at the site under the Superfund program. Landfill closure activities required by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), including regular ground water monitoring, are ongoing. In 2010, EPA Region 4 awarded Broward County the Region 4 “Excellence in Site Reuse” Award for its work turning most of the site into Vista View Park.
Site Location and Background
The site, also known as the Broward County Sanitary Landfill, occupies 209 acres in Davie, Florida, 10 miles west of Fort Lauderdale. Site surroundings include a Boy Scouts of America camp to the north, residential subdivisions to the east and west, and newly developed parkland and a telemetry tower owned by the South Florida Water Management District to the south.
In 1964, Broward County began using the site as a county garbage incinerator and trash landfill. Operators placed ash from the incinerator, construction debris and demolition debris in the landfill. The county closed the incinerator in 1975 but kept the sanitary landfill open. In 1975, the county also constructed a sanitary landfill on the site for disposal of municipal solid waste, construction debris, tires and other waste materials. From 1971 until 1981, operators also used a basin area at the landfill as a sludge lagoon for the disposal of grease trap pump-out material, septic tank sludge and treated municipal sludge. The county closed the lagoon in 1981 after disposal sludge contaminated ground water. In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL.
In 1987, the county closed both the trash landfill and the sanitary landfill. EPA’s Superfund program focused on cleanup of the sludge lagoon and ground water contamination. The county conducted landfill closure activities in accordance with the RCRA landfill closure requirements.
Aside from cleanup activities, the county did not use the site between 1987 and 2003. In 2003, the county redeveloped most of the site as Vista View Park, a regional park. The county also acquired additional land south and west of the site to develop additional recreational space for the park. This new addition opened to the public in 2009. A nonprofit organization, which works with communities to develop playgrounds accessible by all children, certified one of the park’s playgrounds as a “Boundless Playground.” In 2010, EPA Region 4 awarded Broward County the “Excellence in Site Reuse” Award for its work turning most of the site into Vista View Park. Cooperation among the Town of Davie, Broward County, FDEP and EPA greatly assisted the cleanup and redevelopment of the site.
Site investigations identified contamination in ground water, sludge and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern included inorganic chemicals, heavy metals and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Primary contaminants of concern for ground water included vinyl chloride and antimony.
Cleanup actions have addressed threats associated with the sludge and soil contamination in the sludge lagoon.
Cleanup actions have also achieved cleanup goals for all ground water contaminants of concern.
The public water supply provides residences in the area with drinking water.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
Broward County, the site’s PRP, led site investigation and cleanup activities under the Superfund program, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.
The site’s PRP, Broward County, continues to perform landfill closure activities under the RCRA program, with oversight provided by FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: source control of contamination from the sludge lagoon; and OU-2: identification of any additional hot spots at the site and cleanup of ground water, as necessary.In 1985, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1.
- Digging up, dewatering and stabilizing sludge lagoon contents.
- Disposing of sludge lagoon source materials in single-lined sanitary landfill cell #14.
- Placing a cap over landfill cell #14.
- Addressing vinyl chloride and antimony through natural attenuation.
- Monitoring ground water monitoring to confirm natural attenuation.
- Monitoring residential wells to determine potential contaminant impacts.
- Connecting residents affected by ground water contamination at levels above cleanup standards to the public water supply.
In 1989, Broward County dug up, dewatered and stabilized contaminated sludge from the lagoon, placed it in a cell in the sanitary landfill, and constructed a cap over the cell with a protective cover.
Broward County also provided connections to the public water supply system for affected residences near the site while performing ground water contamination studies.
Between September 2000 and September 2003, site ground water met cleanup standards for seven sampling events in a row. In 2006, EPA deleted the site from the NPL. Broward County continued to perform ground water monitoring. Between 2005 and 2010, two nearby wells slightly exceeded the vinyl chloride cleanup goal periodically.
The site’s fourth Five-Year Review, completed in 2011, found that the site’s cleanup approach continues to protect people and the environment from remaining site contamination.
In 2011, Broward County demonstrated that ground water had met drinking water standards for two straight sampling events. As a result, EPA no longer requires Five-Year Reviews for the site.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRP to investigate and clean up the site.
EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts included public notices, updates, public meetings and reuse planning.
In 2011, Broward County demonstrated that ground water had met cleanup standards for two straight sampling events.
FDEP will continue to monitor ground water under the state’s RCRA program.
EPA does not anticipate additional work at the site under the Superfund program.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Broward County Public Library
100 S. Andrews Ave. - Level 5
Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33301.