Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD083111005
Location: Pompano Beach, Broward County, FL
Congressional District: 15
NPL Status: Proposed: 03/19/08; Final: 9/03/08
Affected Media: Ground water
Cleanup Status: Cleanup activities are completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: No
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Site is in continued commercial use – a drop-off location for outsourced dry cleaning services is located on site
Site Manager: Barbara Alfano (email@example.com)
Current Site Status
The Flash Cleaners site is the location of a former dry cleaning facility that operated from 1977 to about 2001, and is now a drop-off location for dry cleaning services. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2008 because of contaminated soil and ground water resulting from dry cleaning activities. EPA and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not threaten people living and working near the site.
EPA is using an innovative approach to clean up the site in record time. In September 2010, EPA issued an approved cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) to deal with site contaminants. Between April and August 2011, EPA cleaned up contaminated soil and ground water, and removed contaminated soil around the dry cleaning facility. EPA also injected organic material into contaminated ground water to speed up the natural breakdown of contaminants. Depending on results, EPA may take further action in 2014. By treating soil contamination below the former dry cleaning facility and checking ground water and surface water, EPA and FDEP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The half-acre site is located at 4131 North Federal Highway in a commercial and residential area of Pompano Beach, Florida. Ground water contamination extends into the City of Lighthouse Point, located across North Federal Highway east of the site. North Federal Highway, also known as Highway 1, separates the cities of Pompano Beach and Lighthouse Point. Stormwater drainage from the site flows to North Federal Highway storm sewers, which connect to the North Grand Canal, which connects with other canals in Lighthouse Point.
Flash Cleaners operated as a dry cleaning facility from 1977 to about 2001. The facility is a drop-off location for dry cleaning services. The site includes a rectangular building, a two-car parking lot east of the building and a driveway that connects to a back alley. The building covers about 1,790 square feet. The northwest corner of the site included a former septic tank and drain field. Most of the building’s surrounding area is paved.
During a facility inspection in 1999, FDEP staff members saw two improperly installed dry cleaning machines. Dry cleaning workers reportedly discharged wastewater to an on-site septic tank, which resulted in soil and ground water contamination.
The State of Florida referred the site to EPA after deciding it was not eligible for the state’s Drycleaning Solvent Cleanup Program. In 2008, EPA listed the site on the NPL.
Site investigations found contamination in soil and ground water from dry cleaning operations that could potentially harm people in the area. Contaminants of concern for soil include: tetrachloroethylene (also known as PCE or PERC), trichloroethylene (TCE), cis-1,2-dichloroethene (DCE) and vinyl chloride. Contaminants of concern for ground water include: PCE, TCE, cis-1,2-DCE, trans-1,2-DCE and vinyl chloride.
Site contamination does not threaten people living and working near the site or people working at the drop-off facility. Residents and businesses use the public water system for drinking water. EPA tested private irrigation wells located in the area and informed the property owners of any risks.
EPA has decided that vapor intrusion into nearby buildings is not a threat. Soil vapor can result from improper disposal of dry cleaning solvents. In January 2011, EPA sampled seven residential properties in Lighthouse Point and a condominium near the site to find any potential soil vapor impacts from ground water contaminants. While EPA found high concentrations of VOCs in soil gas samples collected on site; EPA did not detect VOCs in the soil gas samples from nearby residential properties. EPA staff members shared these results in person with residents.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
EPA, in cooperation with FDEP, leads site investigation and cleanup activities.
Site Cleanup Plan
In September 2010, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up 700 cubic yards of contaminated on-site soils.
- Disposing of excavated soil in an approved off-site waste disposal landfill.
- Installing a soil vapor extraction (SVE) system to remove soil contamination beneath the Flash Cleaners building.
- Injections of organic material into ground water to speed up the natural breakdown of contaminants.
The cleanup plan also required temporary institutional controls (ICs) for ground water where contaminant levels are higher than site cleanup goals. The ICs will prevent people from coming into contact with the ground water until cleanup is complete. In addition, the cleanup plan required EPA to periodically check ground water, surface water and water located in sediment.
EPA’s Integrated Cleanup Initiative helps improve the Agency’s land cleanup programs. EPA decided that a faster cleanup was possible at the site and chose it as a 2011 Integrated Cleanup Initiative Pilot.
In 2001, the property owner pumped out and disposed of septic tank sludge off site.
EPA used an innovative approach to clean up the site in record time. EPA designed and completed the cleanup in one year.
EPA conducted soil cleanup required in the ROD between April and June 2011. Activities included digging up and disposing of contaminated soils around the Flash Cleaners building off site and installing an SVE system to remove contaminants underneath the building. The SVE system is similar to a high-powered vacuum. It continues to run on site.
EPA conducted ground water cleanup activities required in the ROD between June and August 2011. EPA installed injection wells on site, in the center of the North Federal Highway and east of the highway. EPA injected organic material into about three wells per day, Monday through Friday, to speed up the natural breakdown of ground water contaminants. EPA made approximately 80 injections.
EPA and FDEP officials formally inspected all site cleanup activities on August 23, 2011. The site’s soil cleanup system is in place and ground water injections are complete.
EPA is using federal funds to clean up the site. The site’s potentially responsible party is unable to pay for the site’s cleanup.
EPA has placed a Superfund cost recovery lien on the site property. The lien can help EPA recover some or all of its cleanup costs from the site in the future.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure that the public stays informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach activities have included public notices, interviews, information meetings on cleanup progress and activities, and door-to-door meetings with residents about site progress.
From 2008 to 2011, EPA issued six fact sheets to update the community about site investigation and cleanup activities. In August 2010, EPA hosted a public meeting to explain the proposed cleanup plan for the site. EPA also held a public comment period where the Agency accepted input on the proposed cleanup plan.
EPA will periodically check site ground water, surface water and water located in sediment.
Depending upon results, EPA may make more injections of organic material into site ground water in 2014, approximately three years after the first set of injections.
EPA continues to use the SVE system to remove contaminants underneath the Flash Cleaners building.
EPA and FDEP will continue to coordinate future efforts.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Lighthouse Point Library
2200 Northeast 38th Street
Lighthouse Point, FL 33064