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Peak Oil Co./Bay Drum Co.

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Gated entrance to the Peak Oil/Bay Drum site.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: FLD004091807
Location: Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL
Lat/Long: 27.970800, -082.340400
Congressional District: 11
NPL Status: Proposed: 10/15/84; Final: 06/10/86
Affected Media: Debris, Ground water, Residuals, Sediment, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in usepotential for future commercial, industrial and recreational use (Bay Drum)
Site Manager: Scott Martin (martin.scott@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Peak Oil Co./Bay Drum Co. site includes the area where waste oil refining and drum reconditioning operations took place. From 1954 until 1980, Peak Oil Company operated a waste oil refinery at the site. From 1962 until 1987, Bay Drum Company operated a drum reconditioning and recycling facility at the site. EPA combined both of these areas – the Peak Oil Co. and Bay Drum Co. sites – into one site and placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1986. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), and Peak Oil Generators Group and the Bay Drum Group, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating and monitoring ground water, placing institutional controls on the site property and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The site consists of the 4-acre Peak Oil Co. property and the 14.8-acre Bay Drum Co. property and is located on Reeves Road in Tampa. The site includes the area where Peak Oil Company operated a waste oil refinery from 1954 until 1980 and Bay Drum Company operated a drum reconditioning and recycling facility from 1962 until 1987. The site also includes a wetlands area. The Reeves Southeastern Galvanizing Superfund site is located directly north of the site, across the street from the Bay Drum Co. property.  A CSX rail line borders the site to the north and industrial land uses border the site to the south, east and west. Land uses in the surrounding area are primarily industrial.

The Peak Oil Co. facility began operations as a waste oil refinery in 1954. The refining process generated and stored waste in three on-site pond areas. When the company discontinued its refining process, operations shifted to filtering and blending the waste oil for resale. These operations continued until 1980. The Bay Drum Co. facility began drum reconditioning operations in 1962. When drum reconditioning operations ended in 1984, Bay Drum Company operated as Resource Recovery Association, Inc. until 1987. The company’s operations included the disposal of roofing shingles on the site property.

In 1986, EPA combined the Peak Oil Co. and Bay Drum Co. sites into one site and listed the site on the NPL. The site is currently not in use.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in surface water, ground water, sediment and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), arsenic and lead.  

Contamination affected ground water at the site and to the north, below the Reeves Southeastern Galvanizing Superfund site. EPA assessed whether residents and workers might be at risk from harmful ground water vapors in buildings. EPA found that vapor intrusion did not pose a threat to residents and workers.

In addition, the Southwest Florida Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.

View ground water delineation area map.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Peak Oil Generators Group and the Bay Drum Group, the site’s PRPs, lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on four areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: soil contamination on the Peak Oil Co. property; OU-2: site ground water; OU-3: soil contamination on the Bay Drum Co. property; and OU-4: contamination of the nearby wetlands.

In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:

In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (ROD) for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:

In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (ROD) for OU-3. The plan included the following activities:

In 1994, EPA issued a cleanup plan (ROD) for OU-4. The plan selected "No Action" and relied on cleanup activities at OU-1, OU-2 and OU-3 to address contamination in nearby wetlands. The plan included ecological assessments of wetlands and monitoring of the upper level aquifer.

In 2000, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) that changed OU-1 cleanup goals for contaminated soil as well as the type of cap used to cover the treated soil.

In 2005, EPA issued a ROD Amendment for OU-2 to remove the pump-and-treat system and replace it with the use of living organisms to break down contaminants in ground water. The ROD Amendment also called for monitored natural attenuation to address ground water contamination.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1986, EPA conducted short-term cleanup activities at the Peak Oil Co. property, including treatment of approximately 4,000 cubic yards of sludge and soil.

In 1989, EPA removed approximately 70,000 cubic yards of shingles from the Bay Drum Co. property. EPA conducted a second removal action in 1990 to remove contaminated soils and other materials from the property.

The site’s PRPs conducted cleanup activities for OU-1 and OU-3 from 2000 until 2001. In 2004, EPA and the PRPs placed institutional controls on the site property in the form of restrictive covenants to restrict construction of wells and activities on the caps and to prevent people from coming in contact with contamination in the wetland sediments. The PRPs began the amended cleanup activities for OU-3 in 2005.

The site’s second Five-Year Review, completed in 2010, found that the cleanup for OU-1, OU-2 and OU-3 remains protective of human health and the environment. However, the Five-Year Review recommended additional investigations of the wetlands to make sure the cleanup for OU-4 remains protective of people and the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.

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Future Work

Ground water treatment and monitoring are ongoing.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2010 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2015.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Brandon Regional Library
619 Vonderburg Drivey
Brandon, FL  33511

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