Sherwood Medical Industries
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD043861392
Location: Deland, Volusia County, FL
Lat/Long: 29.060830, -081.265000
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil, Surface water
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete – physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – industrial land uses are located on site
Site Manager: Rusty Kestle (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Sherwood Medical Industries site includes the area where medical supply manufacturers have operated since 1959. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water, sediment, soil and surface water resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and American Home Products Corporation (AHPC), the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating and monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 43-acre site is located approximately three miles northeast of downtown Deland in Volusia County, Florida, about 50 miles north of Orlando. Site features include a manufacturing facility, warehouse, laboratory, wastewater treatment facility and paved parking areas. A portion of Lake Miller, a 12-acre lake, is also located on site. U.S. Highway 92 borders the site to the north, a Florida Department of Transportation maintenance yard borders the site to the south, residential homes border the site to the east and Lake Miller borders the site to the west. Land uses in the area are mostly residential and commercial.
Sherwood Medical Industries began manufacturing medical supplies at the site in 1959. The Brunswick Corporation sold the facility to AHPC in 1982. AHPC sold the facility to TYCO Industries in March 1998. AHPC, which became Wyeth Pharmaceuticals in 2002, retained responsibility for contamination at the site. In 2007, TYCO Healthcare separated from TYCO Industries and became Covidien Corporation. Covidien Corporation’s current operations at the site include grinding, hub processing and cleaning of stainless steel and aluminum parts used to manufacture hypodermic syringes as well as molding plastic syringes and conducting laboratory work.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water, sediment, soil and surface water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from facility operations at the site. Contaminants of concern include tetrachloroethylene (also known as PCE or PERC), trichloroethylene (TCE) and chromium.
From 1971 until 1980, facility operations discharged approximately two tons of waste and wastewater into two unlined wastewater holding ponds on site.
EPA assessed whether residents and workers might be at risk from harmful ground water vapors in buildings. EPA found that vapor intrusion did not pose a threat to residents or workers.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
AHPC, the site’s PRP, leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on three areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: on-site soils and off-site ground water contamination; OU-2: on-site ground water contamination; and OU-3: sediment contamination in Lake Miller.
In 1991, EPA issued an interim cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:
- Using a pump-and-treat system to address ground water contamination.
- Discharging treated water into Lake Miller.
In 1992, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:
- Continuing ground water treatment begun as part of the cleanup plan for OU-2.
- Monitoring ground water in the shallow aquifer as well as the Upper and Lower Floridan Aquifers.
- Monitoring residential wells next to the site.
- Continuing operation of the Floridan Aquifer water supply well and treatment system.
- Digging up and testing on-site contaminated soils.
- Disposing of contaminated soils.
- Placing an institutional control on the site property to make sure site uses remain industrial.
In 1997, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-3. The plan documented EPA’s decision that no cleanup action was required to address sediment contamination in Lake Miller. The plan included semi-annual sampling of Lake Miller sediment and surface water as well as sampling of fish tissues from Lake Miller and adjoining lakes.
The PRP completed removal of contaminated soil and sediment from the on-site wastewater holding ponds. Some contamination remains under buildings and parking lots on site. Prior to any digging beneath the buildings or parking facilities, parties must test the soil for chromium. An institutional control in the form of a restricted covenant prohibits use of the site for any purposes except industrial land uses. The PRP fenced and secured the site.
Ground water contamination in the shallow ground water aquifer has moved off site, but the aquifer is not used for drinking water in the affected area. Contamination in the deeper Floridan Aquifer, which supplies water for private and public wells near the site, including the City of Deland's water supply well, is contained within the site boundary. In 2003, the PRP sampled fish tissue, sediment and surface water in lakes on and off site. Sampling did not find contamination in plants or fish.
The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2009, found that the cleanup remained protective of human health and the environment.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site PRP to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach activities have included public notices, interviews and updates.
In 2006 and 2009, at the request of concerned residents living near the site, the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) conducted extensive studies of contaminant levels in 59 local wells and in air emissions from the ground water treatment system. The studies did not identify any contamination that would pose a threat. FDOH held a public health meeting to share study results with residents. These studies are available online.
EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRP continue to address off-site ground water contamination by monitoring lakes on and near the site, including Lake Miller and Cypress Lake. EPA anticipates that the site’s ground water cleanup approach may change. Depending on the changes to the ground water cleanup, EPA will issue either an Explanation of Significant Differences or an amendment to the cleanup plan (ROD) for OU-1.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2009 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2014.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Deland Public Library
130 East Howry Avenue
Deland, FL 32724