T. H. Agriculture & Nutrition (Albany)
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: GAD042101261
Location: Albany, Dougherty County, GA
Lat/Long: 31.617360, -084.181660
Congressional District: 02
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 03/31/89
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction underway - physical cleanup activities have started
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Ground water Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use –a welding supply business is located on part of the site
Site Manager: James Hou (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The T. H. Agriculture & Nutrition Co. (Albany Plant) site includes an area where two former pesticide formulation facilities operated from the 1950s and 1960s until the 1980s. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989 because of contaminated ground water, sediment and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (Georgia EPD) and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. Cleanup actions have addressed the primary threats associated with soil. Contaminated ground water does not extend beyond the site’s boundary. The business currently operating on site does not use ground water for drinking water purposes. Ground water contamination levels are decreasing. By monitoring ground water, enforcing institutional controls and conducting required Five-Year Reviews, EPA, Georgia EPD and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 12-acre site is located north of Interstate 82 and Schley Avenue and east of Palmyra Road in a commercial and industrial area of Albany, Georgia. A few residences are also located northeast of the site. The site includes two former pesticide formulation facilities located on two adjacent properties. The western 7-acre property (also referred to as the T H Agriculture & Nutrition, or THAN, property) is located at 1401 Schley Avenue. The eastern 5-acre property (also referred to as the Jones property) is located at 1359 Schley Avenue.
Companies used the western property as a formulation and packaging plant for agricultural chemicals from the 1950s until 1982. Currently, a warehouse that houses a ground water treatment system is located on the property; the rest of the property is vacant. The property is fenced and has a locked gate. The current landowners do not have any plans to lease or redevelop the property in the near future.
Companies used the eastern property as a formulation and packaging plant for agricultural chemicals from 1964 into the 1970s. In 1985, the owner sold the property. The new owner did not contribute to the contamination, but has been involved at the site since its discovery. Since 1985, this owner has operated a welding supply business on the property. The property is largely fenced except for the entrance to the business and parking lot. There is no anticipated change in land use or ownership for the property in the near term. In 1989, EPA listed the site on the NPL.
Site investigations identified contamination in ground water, sediment and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Investigators later determined that sediments were not a threat. Contaminants of concern in soil and ground water include pesticides, such as methyl parathion, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), ethylene dibromide and toxaphene. Investigators also found xylene in both pesticide formulation facilities.
Cleanup actions have addressed primary threats associated with soil, although some limited soil contamination remains. The soil cleanup supports commercial and industrial uses.
Contaminated ground water does not extend beyond the site’s boundary. The on-site business does not use ground water for drinking water purposes. Ground water contaminant levels are decreasing over time and are not spreading.
Institutional controls in the form of restrictive covenants prohibit residential development on both site properties and ground water use on the western property.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The site’s PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and Georgia EPD.
Site Cleanup Plan
Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: soil contamination on the western property and ground water across the entire site; and OU-2: soils on the eastern property.
In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:
- Pumping and treating contaminated ground water.
- Pumping light non-aqueous phase liquids and incinerating them off site.
- Using institutional controls to restrict future uses of the western property to commercial and industrial uses and to limit ground water use.
- Maintaining the site’s vegetative cover.
The plan did not include activities to address soil contamination because of previous soil cleanup actions. See the “Cleanup Progress” section.
In 1995, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences that updated the OU-1 ground water treatment technology.
In 1996, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up contaminated surface soils and belowground soils.
- Treating contaminated soil using low-temperature heating.
- Placing dug-up and decontaminated soil back on the site.
- Sampling soil during the treatment process to verify the effectiveness of the soil treatment approach.
- Monitoring air quality during the cleanup.
- Monitoring ground water annually to make sure contamination remaining in the belowground soil would not result in the spread of contaminated ground water to off-site areas.
- Using institutional controls to prevent residential use of the eastern property.
In 1984, the site’s PRP for the western property conducted a short-term cleanup action under the oversight of Georgia EPD. Major cleanup activities included:
- Demolishing several buildings.
- Digging up selected surface soils and belowground disposal areas.
- Installing a perimeter fence.
- Establishing a vegetative cover.
In 1992, the PRP for the western property undertook another short-term cleanup action, required by EPA. The PRP removed and disposed of 24,700 tons of soil and debris and treated 4,300 tons of soil on-site using low-temperature heating.
The PRP for the western property completed construction of the ground water pump-and-treat system in 1997 and operated the system until 2003. EPA shut the system down after determining the system was not efficiently removing contaminants from ground water. In 2003, EPA authorized a study examining the use of biological processes to break down toxaphene and other pesticides that had accumulated near the water table. EPA concluded that this approach would not work. EPA is now evaluating other cleanup alternatives to the pump-and-treat system.
In 1999, the PRP for the eastern property completed the soil cleanup. Follow-up soil sampling indicated that contamination above site cleanup goals remains on the property.
The site’s 2008 Five-Year Review concluded that the PRPs have carried out site cleanup approaches as required by site cleanup plans. However, EPA could not conclude how protective these approaches were without re-evaluating site conditions. EPA is currently re-evaluating site conditions.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.
EPA is currently addressing the issues and recommendations raised in the 2008 Five-Year Review. EPA plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2013.
The PRP for the western property periodically conducts ground water monitoring and maintains the vegetative cover over OU-1 soils.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office
Dougherty County Public Library
300 Pine Street.
Albany, GA 31701-2533