Admiral Home Appliances
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: SCD047563614
Location: Williston, Barnwell County, SC
Lat/Long: 33.393889, -081.396944
Congressional District: 04
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Site
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil, Surface Water
Cleanup Status: : Remedy selected and the three main parts of the remedy have been completed or have started.
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Continued industrial use of site
Site Manager: Randy Bryant (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Admiral Home Appliances site includes the area where various owners operated manufacturing facilities. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing the site through the Superfund Alternative Approach because of contaminated ground water, sediment, soil and surface water resulting from waste handling practices. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. A water line now connects most residences near the site to the public water supply. EPA, SCDHEC and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination by performing the required monitoring, completing the cleanup of the equalization lagoon, performing the pilot study for VOCs in groundwater and preparing for the cleanup of the Imhoff wetland.
The site is located southeast of Williston on County Road 65 in Barnwell County, South Carolina. County Road 65 (Dixie-Narco Boulevard) borders the site to the east, East Main Street borders the site to the south, a refurbishing plant and an undeveloped wooded area border the site to the west, and County Road 215 (Elko Street) borders the site to the north. Edwards Junior High School is located northwest of the site. The nearest residences are less than a mile from the site and include low-income and minority residents.
A wastewater treatment plant used to treat domestic wastewater for a mobile home park initially operated on site. Later, a variety of manufacturing operations began at the site. These operations treated their wastewater inadequately until 1982, when an adjacent manufacturing plant began to pre-treat their wastewater and discharge it to Williston's sewage treatment plant.
The Rheem Corporation and Maytag Appliances, currently a division of the Whirlpool Corporation, formerly operated the facility. The Rheem Corporation and Maytag Appliances (currently a division of the Whirlpool Corporation), are former owners of the plant through corporate acquisitions. The manufacturing facility is currently at the location of Dixie Narco, Inc. which is owned by the Crane Corporation. The facility manufactures vending machines for soda, bottled water and other products.
EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL), but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. This approach uses the same investigation and cleanup process and standards used for sites listed on the NPL.
Site investigations identified contamination in ground water, sediment, sludge, soil and surface water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), chromium, zinc, nickel.
Investigations also identified VOCs and mercury in six residential wells in a neighborhood adjacent to the site. All homes with drinking water wells impacted by mercury contamination now connect to the public water supply. Rheem Corporation is preparing to remove contaminated sediment from the Imhoff wetland area at the Site.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The site’s PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and SCDHEC.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 2006, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site). The plan included the following activities:
- Excavating contamination source materials in the equalization lagoon and disposing of the materials off site.
- Treating contaminated ground water using enhanced reductive chlorination, which is the process of adding hydrogen to ground water or soil to break down contaminants naturally.
- Excavating and dredging sediments and soil in the discharge area, wetlands and stream for off-site disposal.
- Restoring site wetlands.
- Monitored natural attenuation of surface water.
In 2005, during the completion of the remedial investigation/feasibility study, the site’s PRP conducted a removal action, a short-term cleanup, to remove the former wastewater treatment plant and a portion of the transfer pipe from the adjacent Dixie Narco, Inc. facility.
Homes with wells affected by mercury contamination used bottled water while Williston extended its public water system to the area. Williston completed the water line extension in 2006-2007 and then connected individual homes to the system. All homes with mercury-contaminated drinking water wells now connect to the public water system.
Since the Consent Decree was signed in late 2007, the PRPs have completed the required mercury study and VOC groundwater sampling. The PRPs have also completed cleanup of the former equalization lagoon and the remedial design for the Imhoff wetland area. Whirlpool completed the cleanup of the equalization lagoon between December 2012 and January 2013. Whirlpool is also performing a test of the selected remedy for VOCs in groundwater during the summer of 2014. Another PRP, Rheem, has completed the design and is prepared to begin the cleanup of the Imhoff wetland area during the summer of 2014.
The cleanup of the former equalization lagoon included the excavation and offsite disposal of approximately 960 tons of metals-contaminated soil from underneath a small area of the parking lot at the current manufacturing plant. The excavated area was backfilled with clean soil and re-paved.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.The ROD online provides information on specific legal agreements for the site.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, fact sheets and public meetings.
The PRPs will complete the pilot test for treatment of VOCs in groundwater, perform the cleanup of the Imhoff wetland area, and perform long term monitoring.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Williston Public Library
205 Springfield Road
Williston, SC 29853