Palmetto Recycling, Inc.
Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: SCD037398120
Location: Columbia, Richland County, SC
Lat/Long: 34.122800, -081.011700
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Proposed: 01/22/87; Final: 07/22/87; Deleted: 10/13/2000
Affected Media: Soil
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: not a ground water site
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Currently unused
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Palmetto Recycling, Inc. site includes an area where Palmetto Recycling Inc. operated a lead battery reclamation facility from 1979 to 1983. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987 because of contaminated soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. In 2000, EPA deleted the site from the NPL after determining that the site no longer poses a threat to people or the environment.
The 1.5-acre site is located approximately eight miles north of Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina. An unnamed tributary of Dry Fork Creek borders the site to the north. Koon Store Road (State Road S-40-61) borders the site to the south. An unnamed dirt road and Dry Fork Creek border the site to the east. A residence borders the site to the west. A paintball area is located west of the site. Several residences are located southwest and southeast of the site.
From 1979 to 1983, Palmetto Recycling Inc. operated a lead battery reclamation facility at the site. Operations placed wastes in an unlined pit and drums. Operations also left unstabilized battery casings in a pile on site. In 1983, Palmetto Recycling Inc. filed for bankruptcy. In 1987, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Following cleanup activities, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 2000. The site is not in use. The site can support residential land uses.
EPA and SCDHEC considered children’s health issues as part of the site’s risk assessment.
The site’s PRP cleaned up soil contamination.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The site’s PRP led site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and SCDHEC.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1995, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up and disposing of contaminated soil.
- Backfilling and landscaping the dug-up area.
- Monitoring ground water annually for a minimum of five years.
- Conducting additional soil sampling in residential yards next to the site and the dirt road that borders the site to the east to identify potential soil contamination off site.
In 1984, EPA and SCDHEC collected 10,800 gallons of contaminated water and transported it off site. The agencies also removed 100 drums containing liquid waste.
In 1985 and 1986, EPA and SCDHEC removed 365 tons of soil and disposed of it at off-site landfills.
In 1999, the site’s PRP completed cleanup activities, including removal of an additional 947 cubic yards of contaminated material.
In 2000, EPA deleted the site from the NPL after determining that no contamination remained on site above health-based levels that prevent unlimited use and unrestricted exposure.
The Five-Year Review for the site, completed in 2004, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.
In 1992, EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to fund site investigations. EPA did not reach an agreement with the PRPs. Therefore, EPA used federal funds for site investigation activities.
In 1997, EPA negotiated legal agreements with one PRP to conduct site cleanup activities.
EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and information meetings.
EPA does not require any additional cleanup activities or Five-Year Reviews for the site.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Northeast Regional Library
7490 Park Lane Road
Columbia, SC 29223