Charlevoix Municipal Well
Community Involvement Coordinator
Cheryl Allen (email@example.com)
312-353-6196 or 800-621-8431, ext. 36196
Remedial Project Manager
312-886-4442 or 800-621-8431, ext. 64442
(where to view written records)
Charlevoix Public Library
220 West Clinton St
Charlevoix, MI 49720
The city of Charlevoix is located on an isthmus between Lake Michigan and Round Lake, expanding along the shore of Lake Charlevoix. The population of about 3,000 residents increases to an estimated 30,000 people during the summer months. The original Charlevoix Municipal Well site was on the shore of Lake Michigan and consisted of a municipal well system made of a shallow well connected to a horizontal flume, buried beneath the beach. This well is no longer in use. In 1981, the city was notified by the Michigan Department of Public Health that its water system was contaminated. In response, the city installed four monitoring wells near its municipal well with the assistance of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR). In 1982, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) installed nine additional groundwater monitoring wells. In 1982 and 1983, the MDNR conducted several soil boring studies to try to locate the source of contamination. The city installed a system to introduce oxygen into the municipal supply in 1983 to treat the contamination. This aeration system was only partially effective in removing contaminants from the water. In response, U.S. EPA installed a new municipal water supply in 1985 through an inter-agency agreement with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Several sources of contamination have been identified through subsequent investigations. Source areas for the trichloroethylene (TCE) plume included the Charlevoix Middle School between Clinton and Mason Streets. Source areas for the tetrachloroethylene (PCE) plume include the former Art's Dry Cleaners on the corner of Grant & Antrim Sts., The foprmer Hooker's Dry Cleaners on the corner of Bridge & Hurlbut Sts. and the Former Tool & Die Shop on Lincoln Ave between Grant & State Sts.
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EPA started investigating potential vapor intrusion risks and the remedial time frame for groundwater in 2012. In August 2012 soil gas, soil and groundwater samples were collected and sent for laboratory analysis. Follow-up sampling of soil gas and soil was conducted in June 2013 and the analytical results indicated some potential for vapor intrusion concerns in limited areas around old dry cleaners/commercial buildings. Additional sampling will be required under winter conditions in late March 2014 to help determine what additional actions, if any, are necessary.
- Third five-year review (PDF) (345pp, 15MB) September 2011
- Second five-year review (PDF) (4pp, 20KB) May 2001
- First five-year review (PDF) (2pp, 25KB) September 1994