Sheboygan River and Harbor Superfund Site
Community Involvement Coordinator
Susan Pastor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
312-353-1325 or 800-621-8431, ext. 31325
Remedial Project Manager
312-353-2886 or 800-621-8431, ext. 32886
Assistant Regional Counsel
Richard Nagle (email@example.com)
312-353-8222 or 800-621-8431, ext. 38222
(where to view written records)
Mead Public Library
710 North 8th Street
The Sheboygan River and Harbor site includes the lower 14 miles of the river from the Sheboygan Falls Dam downstream to, and including, the inner harbor. This segment of the river flows through Sheboygan Falls, Kohler and Sheboygan before entering Lake Michigan. The former Tecumseh Product Co. plant in Sheboygan Falls is located on the upper river and is considered the primary source of PCB contamination in river sediment. Soil and surface water is also contaminated with PCBs and heavy metals including arsenic, chromium, copper, lead and zinc.
Cleanup of the upper portion of the Sheboygan River is done. This involved dredging contaminated sediment from the former Tecumseh Products plant in Sheboygan Falls to the Waelderhaus Dam. The sediment was stored in large geotextile "tubes." Water was squeezed out of the tubes and the remaining cleaned sediment was taken to a licensed landfill for proper disposal. Other phases to clean up the middle river, lower river and inner harbor will be done separately. The upper river will be monitored to ensure that the cleanup measures are working.
Cleanup of PCB-contaminated soil, floodplain soil and ground water at the former Tecumseh facility in Sheboygan Falls was finished in 2005. Sources of PCB contamination were identified and controlled. Ground-water PCBs heading toward the river, surface soil and riverbank soil have been cleaned up.
What are PCBs?
PCBs, polychlorinated biphenyls, are toxic chemicals that were once widely used as industrial coolants, insulators and lubricants. PCBs can concentrate in the environment and the food chain, resulting in health hazards to people, fish and wildlife. Because of these dangers, the U.S. government banned the manufacture of new PCBs in 1976. PCBs still in use are strictly regulated.
You will need the free Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more.
Great Lakes Legacy Act
The Sheboygan River and Harbor Site and the Wisconsin Public Service Corporation Campmarina Manufactured Gas Plant Site are being cleaned up under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Superfund program. The EPA is also using Great Lakes Legacy Act funds to clean up additional areas in the Sheboygan River that are outside the jurisdiction of the Superfund program. The Legacy Act is designed to tackle the problem of “legacy” sediment contamination. At least 35 percent of Legacy Act project costs must come from state, local or private sponsors. At the Sheboygan sites, the non-federal funds are coming from Wisconsin DNR, city of Sheboygan, Sheboygan County and WPSC. Superfund cleanup work may be counted toward the nonfederal cost share for the Legacy Act cleanup.
EPA is doing a status review of the cleanup. This type of review is required at least every five years where the cleanup is complete but hazardous waste remains managed on-site. These reviews are done to ensure that the cleanup continues to protect people and the environment. This is the second five-year review for the river and harbor. Contact the site community involvement coordinator and/or the remedial project manager to provide input on this review process.
The review will include:
- An evaluation of background information
- A summary of cleanup requirements
- A report on the effectiveness of the cleanup and any anticipated future actions
- An analysis of ways for EPA to operate more efficiently
A report, which will be available by May 2014, will detail the site's progress.
Dredging of PCB-contaminated sediment in the lower river and inner harbor areas of the Sheboygan River has been completed. This work is detailed in a design document (PDF). (14pp, 776) By the end of 2012, 16,158 cubic yards of sediment in the lower river and 34,390 cubic yards in the inner harbor had been removed. Close monitoring of fish tissue on a yearly basis and sediment monitoring at least every five years will continue to ensure that the cleanup was successful.
In addition, cleanup of PAH-contaminated sediment in the river portion of the WPSC Campmarina MGP site had to be expedited in 2012 so dredging in the river and harbor could proceed.
EPA modified its original cleanup decision in 2010. The changes are outlined in an EPA document called an Explanation of Significant Differences (PDF) (15pp, 776). EPA believes these changes are the best approaches for cleaning up PCB-contaminated sediment.
EPA also used funds under the Great Lakes Legacy Act to clean up additional areas in the river that are outside the jurisdiction of the Superfund program. The Great Lakes Legacy Act is administered by EPA’s Great Lakes National Program Office (see box above).
- EPA Update Meeting on Sheboygan Cleanup Sites March 2, 7P.M. February 24, 2011
- Dredging begins at Sheboygan River site June 21, 2006
- Meeting Scheduled, Updates Provided For Two Sites (PDF) (4pp, 3.78MB) February 2011
- Completion of Upper River Cleanup Scheduled for this Summer April 2007 (PDF) (4pp, 672K)
- Second Phase of Upper River Cleanup Starting this Summer (PDF) (2pp, 92K) May 2006
- First phase of Upper River cleanup to begin soon (PDF) (2pp, 63K) August 2004
- EPA Signs Agreement for Upper River Cleanup (PDF) (2pp, 159K) May 2003
- U.S. EPA Makes Final Decision on Sheboygan River and Harbor Cleanup (PDF) (137K) May 2000
- The Sheboygan River and Harbor Proposed Plan is still available and the Comment Period has been extended (PDF) (199K) June 1999
- Proposed Plan for Cleanup of the Sheboygan River and Harbor Superfund Site (PDF) (462K) May 1999
- Feasibility Study Completed for Sheboygan River and Harbor Superfund Site (PDF) (146K) January 1999
- Feasibility Study Nears Completion (PDF) (135K) November 1998
- Explanation of Significant Differences (PDF) (15pp, 776) Dec. 2010
- Fish Monitoring Report (PDF) (601pp, 10.75MB) Jan 2009
- Record of Decision May 2000
- Feasibility Study - Vol 1 (PDF) (306pp, 19.8MB)
- Feasibility Study - Vol 2 (PDF) (417pp, 17.8MB)
Lower River Remedial Action Plan (RAWP), December 2010
Appendix A Design Figures
- Figure 3 - Lower River Deposit Removal Locations (PDF) (1pp, 52K)
- Figure 4 - Lower River Grid Removal Locations (PDF) (1pp, 163K)
- Figure 5 - Inner Harbor Grid Removal Locations (PDF) (1pp, 112K)
- Environmental Protection Plan (PDF) (15pp, 46K)
Appendix C Dredge Plan
Appendix D Water Management Plan
Appendix E Sediment Management Plan
- Sediment Management Plan (PDF), (11pp, 74K)
Appendix F Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan
- Inspection Form (PDF), (3pp, 13K)
- Figure 1 Site Top (PDF), (1pg, 71K)
- Figure 2 Area of Disturbance (PDF), (1pg, 31K)
- Figure 3 Erosion Control Details (PDF), (1pg, 205K)
- Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (PDF), (9pp, 35K)
Appendix G Lower River Construction Quality Plan
- Daily WWTP Report (PDF), (1pp, 12K)
- Dredge Metrics Table (PDF), (1pp, 11K)
- Follow-up Phase Checklist (PDF), (1pp, 11K)
- Initial Phase Checklist (PDF), (2pp,11K)
- Leverman Log (PDF), (2pp, 10K)
- Prepatory Phase Checklist (PDF), (1pp, 12K)
- Production Report (PDF), (1pp, 16K)
- QC Report (PDF), (1pp, 12K)
- Figure 1 Project Team (PDF), (1pp, 36K)
- Lower River Construction Quality Plan (PDF), (21pp, 147K)
Appendix H Schedule
- Remedial Action Work Plan RAWP (PDF), (15pp, 116K)
Lower River Remedial Design (LRRD) Work Plan, June 2009
Other June 2009 documents
Other June 2009 documents pertaining to the Lower River are available:
- Quality Assurance Project Plan
- Health & Safety Plan
- Pre-Design Investigation Plan
This June 2009 document pertaining to the Upper and Lower River is also available:
- Baseline Fish Monitoring Report
These documents are very large, so rather than post them on this web page, please visit the local site information repository to review them or contact us and we will send you copies on CD/DVD.
- 1 - LRRD Work Plan(PDF) (14pp, 776) June 2009
- 2 - LRRD Figures (PDF) (2pp, 11" x 17",327K) June 2009
- Appendix A - Submittal Register (PDF) (4pp, 19K)
- Appendix B - ARARs(PDF) (2pp, 13K) June 2009
- Appendix C - Project Organization & Qualifications (PDF) (5pp, 11" x 1&", 56K) June 2009
- Appendix D - Project Schedule (PDF) (1pg, 11K) June 2009
- Appendix E - SWAC Calculation (PDF) (1pg, 20K) June 2009
- Final Construction Documentation Report (PDF) (682pp., 47.6MB) November 2007
- Construction Documentation Report, Vol 1, 2006 (PDF) (50pp, 1.5MB)
- Construction Documentation Report, Vol 2, 2006 (PDF) (682pp, 173.6MB) - please request on CD-ROM from the Community Involvement Coordinator
Five Year Reviews
- First Five Year Review (PDF) (33pp., 2.7MB) September 2009
- Consent Decree for the Lower River Work (PDF) (100pp, 6MB) June 2011
- Administrative Order on Consent, (PDF) (44pp, 2.1MB) February 2009
- Final Consent Decree (PDF) (81pp, 339K) May 2003
- Transcript from August 4, 2003 Public Meeting (PDF) (70pp, 173K)