Region 5 RCRA Guidance for Institutional Controls at Hazardous Waste Cleanups
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Region 5 guidelines for implementing institutional controls, as part of cleanups at hazardous waste facilities, were issued in March 2000. Institutional controls are legal mechanisms designed to control exposures to chemicals in environmental media, including soil and groundwater. These controls are usually part of a facility's cleanup program where contamination remaining in place causes the use of the property to be restricted. These guidelines will help EPA project managers and regulated facilities determine if institutional controls are an appropriate and reliable part of a facility's cleanup program.
- encourages project managers to evaluate the appropriateness of institutional controls early in the cleanup process;
- lists specific criteria, including the future use of the property, that project managers should consider when evaluating a facility's request to restrict the use of a property;
- stresses the importance of public input; and,
- highlights the importance EPA's ability to enforce the legal mechanism establishing the institutional control to ensure its reliability.
Use of Institutional Controls in the RCRA Corrective Action Program (PDF) (25pp, 25K) March 2000
References cited in the guidance
Ground-Water Protection Strategy (PDF), Office of Ground-Water Protection, 1984.
Guidelines for Ground-Water Classification Under the  EPA Ground-Water Protection Strategy (PDF), Final Draft, Office of Ground-Water Protection, November, 1986.
The Imminent and Substantial Endangerment Provision of Section 7003 of RCRA May, 1996.
Memorandum: Region 10 Final Policy on the Use of Institutional Controls at Federal Facilities.
Memorandum: Assuring Land Use Controls at Federal Facilities<, Region 4, April 13, 1998.
A Guide to Principal Threat and Low Level Wastes (PDF), OSWER Directive 9380.3-06FS, November 1991.
The Role of Cost in the Superfund Remedy Selection Process, EPA 540/F-96/018, September 1996.
Guidance for Evaluating the Technical Impracticability for Ground-Water Restoration, Directive 9234.2-25, September, 1993.
RCRA Public Involvement Manual, EPA530-R-96-006, June 1996.
Rules of Thumb for Superfund Remedy Selection, EPA-R-97-013, August 1997.
Coordination between RCRA Corrective Action and Closure and CERCLA Site Activities, OSWER Directive 9200.0-25, September, 24, 1996.
- Volume I - Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part A, Part B, and Part C) EPA/540/1-89/002.
- Volume II - Environmental Evaluation Manual EPA/540/1-89/001.
Use of Monitored Natural Attenuation at Superfund, RCRA Corrective Action, and Underground Storage Tank Sites, OSWER Directive 9200.4-17P, April 21, 1999.