Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure Regulations
The purpose of the Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) regulation is to prevent discharges of oil into navigable waters or adjoining shorelines. To be subject to this regulation, you would need to have aboveground oil storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons or completely buried oil storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons. Oils include both the finished biodiesel and the fats, oils, and greases you are using as the raw materials. We expect that most non-commercial biodiesel makers would only store small quantities of oils and would not be subject to the SPCC requirements. However, some non-commercial biodiesel makers may store larger quantities of oils.
You must have an SPCC Plan, as required by 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 112, if the facility has an aggregate aboveground storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons or a completely buried storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons; and there must be a reasonable expectation of a discharge into or upon navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines.
Sources for more information on SPCC requirements include:
- EPA's SPCC website
- Superfund, TRI, EPCRA, RMP & Oil Information Center at (800) 424-9346
- 40 CFR Part 112 from the Government Printing Office
What if I have an oil spill?
Oil spills that may be harmful to the public health or welfare or the environment must be reported to the National Response Center at (800) 424-8802. This includes oil discharges in such quantities that:
- Violate applicable water quality standards or
- Cause a film or sheen upon or discoloration of the surface of the water or adjoining shorelines, or cause a sludge or emulsion to be deposited beneath the surface of the water or upon adjoining shorelines
State or local laws may require additional reporting for spills including spills to soils. The following links provide information on spill reporting requirements for states in Region 7: