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Region 1: EPA New England

Animal Agriculture

Photo Credit: USDA ARS
Beef Cow
Photo Credit: USDA ARS
Dairy Cow
Photo Credit: USDA ARS


On February 12, 2003, EPA finalized a new rule for concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) that revises two sections of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting requirements for CAFOs (§122), and the Effluent Limitations Guidelines and standards (ELGs) for CAFOs (§412). The new rule will ensure that CAFOs take appropriate actions to manage manure effectively in order to protect the nation's water quality.

The CAFO ELGs establish performance expectations for existing and new sources to ensure appropriate storage of manure, as well as expectations for proper land application practices at the CAFO. The required nutrient management plan would identify the site-specific actions to be taken by the CAFO to ensure proper and effective manure and wastewater management.

For overall CAFO information, please visit:

State CAFO specific information:




New Hampshire:

Rhode Island:


Biosecurity / Carcass Disposal:


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