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Region 1: EPA New England

Mohegan Nation

The Mohegan Tribe is a sovereign, federally recognized Indian Nation with a reservation on the Thames River in Uncasville, Connecticut. The town of Uncasville is named after our Sachem Uncas, a seventeenth century Chief. Like Uncas, we have been committed to good relations with our non-Indian neighbors. The Tribe exercises full civil jurisdiction and concurrent criminal jurisdiction over our lands. Our Tribe is governed by a Tribal Constitution which empowers a nine-member Tribal Council to serve as the legislative and executive branch, and a nine-member Council of Elders which is responsible for judicial oversight and cultural integrity. We maintain traditional titles including Chief, Medicine Woman, and Pipe Carrier. There are 1,976 Tribal members.

Federal Recognition

The sovereignty of the Mohegans was recognized by the Connecticut Colony in the Treaty of 1638, and that state recognition is maintained to this day. In 1978, the U.S. Government created a process through which the tribes could petition for federal acknowledgment. The Mohegan Tribe was formally recognized on March 7, 1994 and celebrated its 20th year of federal recognition this year (2014). On September 30, 1995, 240 acres of the northernmost traditional Mohegan reservation lands were reacquired by the Tribe and placed in trust by the United States government. The Mohegan Tribe has reacquired a total of 543 acres placed into trust of which 159 acres comprise the Fort Shantok property which is a park open to the public, the site of the Mohegan Wigwam Festival in August and contains a sacred burial ground. Our Mohegan Reservation is located on the western bank of the Thames River, in the village of Uncasville, which is in the town of Montville, Connecticut.

Programs and Accomplishments

Even before the beginning of our Mohegan Sun casino resort, the Tribe has been dedicated to treading lightly on mother earth. This ethic has been an over reaching rule governing everything we do. With the completion of the Casino of the Earth, several new initiatives were launched. Every casino employee receives environmental health and safety training, helping them recognize the important issues and the reasoning behind those rules.

Air Program:

In 2001, the Tribe submitted our application for Treatment as a State (TAS) for the nation's first Tribal Implementation Plan (TIP) which will make the Tribe fully responsible for administering and enforcing elements of the Clean Air Act Program. EPA New England approved our TAS application on December 29, 2006 and published the TIP in the Federal Register on November 14, 2007 and it became effective on December 14, 2007.

Recycling Program:

In compliance with our solid waste management plan, a comprehensive recycling program was implemented which recycles paper, plastic, cans and bottles, wood and metal from the gaming facility. The Mohegan owned restaurants and employee cafeteria recover meat, rice and vegetable food scraps, which are then used as animal fodder at Millaras Piggery and Country Gardens located in Waterford, CT. In addition, the waste grease and fryolator oil from the restaurants kitchens is recovered and used as an animal feedstock constituent by a Massachusetts company. We also use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel to power our fleet of buses which move employees from employee parking areas to the gaming facility. Learn more about the Tribe's food recycling program. Click icon for EPA disclaimer.

The following is a snapshot of the Tribe’s overall recycling efforts since 2007:

Department Name 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Regular Trash & Recyclables (Earth/Sky/Wind Casinos) Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Trash (non-segregated) 9348 8911 8074 8015 8168 7530
Co-mingled bottles & cans (metal, glass & plastic) 539 537 562 607 577 587
Cardboard 721 706 581 723 726 686
Scrap Metal 87 84 82 55 69 64
Office Paper - Earth Dock 117 77 66 6 0 0
EnviroShred (Office Paper) 0 0 119 142 164 134
Light Iron 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mixed Paper 0 0 38 104 122 128
AGRU Grease/Fryolator Oil 452 399 394 352 330 343
Lamps (fluorescent, HID, halogen, compact, etc) 17.7 11 3.4 2.5 3.3 4
Electronic Waste (We Recycle & MVP or NLR) 27 31 13 21 17.6 13.7
Lead Acid Batteries .669 .5 .3 2.2 3.9 .34
Batteries (alkaline/NiCad) 1.18 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.78 1.7
Millaras Piggery
Number of Barrels/Year 12,552 11,384 9616 9120 7720 7647
Food Waste in Tons (using 250lbs/barrel) 1569 1423 1202 1140 965 956


Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & 10 Tribal Nations

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